STUDI DESKRIPTIF GERAKAN ISLAM POLITIK FUNDAMENTALIS KASUS HIZBUT TAHRIR INDONESIA DI SURABAYA

RAKHMAT NUR HAKIM, 070913058 (2015) STUDI DESKRIPTIF GERAKAN ISLAM POLITIK FUNDAMENTALIS KASUS HIZBUT TAHRIR INDONESIA DI SURABAYA. Skripsi thesis, UNIVERSITAS AIRLANGGA.

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Abstract

Dewasa ini aktivisme Islam menjadi fenomena menarik dalam studi ilmu politik. Banyak sarjana yang menelitinya dalam perspektif ideologi politik yang memiliki relasi dengan pertentangan Islam dengan Barat dan liberalisme. Padahal fenomema aktivsime Islam yang terus meluas tidak cukup dideskripsikan melalui pendekatan ideologi semata. Kita harus menyadari bahwa fenomena aktivisme Islam merupakan sesuatua yang kompleks. Aktivisme Islam telah menyebar luas ke seluruh penjuru dunia. Fenomena aktivisme Islam bermula di Timur Tengah lalu menyebr ke Asia, Asia Tenggara, dan khususnya ke Indonesia. Perkembangan yang cepat ini menghasilkan pertanyaan besar yaitu bagaimana organisasi aktivisme Islam merekrut anggota dalam jumlah besar dengan militansi yang kuat. Tentu saja hal ini tidak akan terwujud tanpa proses mobilisasi dan pengorganisasian gerakan yang baik. Oleh karena itu aktivisme Islam layak dideskripsikan dalam keranga teori gerakan sosial Hizbut Tahrir adalah salah satu gerakan fundamentalime Islam yang tetap eksis dan menunjukkan perkembangannya di Indonesia. Hizbut Tahrir berkembang di beberapa kota yang memiliki kampus negeri ternama. Surabaya merupakan salah satu kota tersebut. Skripsi ini mencoba mendeskripsikan kemunculan dan perkembangannya dalam kerangka teori gerakan sosial. Pertama, dari kemunculannya yang dipengaruhi oleh stuktur kesempatan politik. Kedua, dari proses mobilisasi dan kesadaran mereka dalam membentuk atribusi sosial serta kesadaran kolektif kepada seluruh anggota gerakan dalam setiap aksi kolektifnya. Skripsi ini juga mencoba mendeskripsikan gerakan sosial sebagai bagian dari studi politik. Translation: Islamic activism currently has become an interesting phenomenon in political study. Scholars often find to observe it through ideological perspective which was related within the clash of Western ideology or Liberalism. As a matter of fact, the development of Islamic activism has grown wide which makes this phenomenon shall not be described by ideological analysis only. We have to realize that phenomenon as a complicated thing. Islamic activism has been wide-spreaded all over the world. It started in Middle East then expanded into Asia, South-East Asia, especially to Indonesia. This vast-growing activism left us a question on how the organization can gather so many members with strong militancy and keep them in its struggle. This kind of existence will not stand without a well-made system in mobilizing the members to join the organization movement. Thus, the development of Islamic activism would be suitable to be explained with social movement theory. Hizb ut-Tahrir is one of the Islamic Fundamentalism movement which still exist and show their development in Indonesia. This organization has developed in the city which has excellent quality of state university. Surabaya include to be one of them. This paper will describe their emergence and development by social movement theory. First, from their emergence which influenced by political opportunity structure. Second, from their mobilization and consciousness to their framing process to make social attribution and consiusness to their member into their collective action. This paper also try to describe social movement as a part of political study.

Item Type: Thesis (Skripsi)
Additional Information: KKB KK-2 Fis P. 69/14 Hak s
Uncontrolled Keywords: ISLAMIC SOCIAL MOVEMENT; POLITICAL ISLAM
Subjects: J Political Science > JA Political science (General)
J Political Science > JZ International relations > JZ5-6530 International relations > JZ4835-5490 International organizations and associations > JZ4841-4848 Political non governmental organizations. NGOs
Divisions: 07. Fakultas Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik > Ilmu Politik
Creators:
CreatorsNIM/NIDN
RAKHMAT NUR HAKIM, 070913058UNSPECIFIED
Contributors:
ContributionNameNIDN/NIDK/NUP
ContributorAriwibowo, Drs.,MS.UNSPECIFIED
Depositing User: Tn Yusuf Jailani
Date Deposited: 06 Feb 2015 12:00
Last Modified: 26 Sep 2016 02:55
URI: http://repository.unair.ac.id/id/eprint/17559
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