Kerusakan Tulang Alveolaris pada Perokok Kretek Kadar Nikotin 2,7 mg dan 2,2 mg Melalui Pengamatan Radiografik

PRIMA FIDUCIA ANDINI, 020610106 (2012) Kerusakan Tulang Alveolaris pada Perokok Kretek Kadar Nikotin 2,7 mg dan 2,2 mg Melalui Pengamatan Radiografik. Skripsi thesis, UNIVERSITAS AIRLANGGA.

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Abstract

Based on WHO report in 2008, Indonesia is in 3rd rank of 10 contries that have smoker in the world. The improvement of cigarette consumption is related with gingivitis and periodontitis incident. Alveolar bone destruction when periodontitis occur is related with nicotine content of cigarette. Kretek cigarette is one of cigarette which is interested by some part of Indonesian people because of the good taste. Nevertheless, kretek cigarette have higher content of nicotine than another cigarette. Purpose . The aim of kretek cigarette research is to realize the effect of smoking to alveolar bone destruction in kretek smoker which has nicotine in 2,7 mg and 2,2 mg. Method.Intraoral radiograph photo (parallel technique) was made. There are 7 photos (12, 11, 21, 32, 31, 41, 42) in each sampel group which has 7 people inside. The destruction was observed with Bone Loss Score (BLS) Technique. Result. According to statistic analysis (T Test), there are no significant difference of alveolar bone destruction between kretek smoker which has nicotine content in 2,7 mg and 2,2 mg. Conclusion. Has been known that smoking is one of the risk factors and causes periodontal tissue damage, even in lower levels of nicotine that can give the effect of alveolar bone destruction relatively similar than higher nicotine levels

Item Type: Thesis (Skripsi)
Additional Information: KKA KK KG 06/12 And k
Uncontrolled Keywords: KRETEK CIGARETTE, NICOTINE
Subjects: R Medicine
R Medicine > RK Dentistry
Divisions: 02. Fakultas Kedokteran Gigi
Creators:
CreatorsEmail
PRIMA FIDUCIA ANDINI, 020610106UNSPECIFIED
Contributors:
ContributionNameEmail
ContributorR.P. Bambang Noerjanto,, drg., MS., Sp.RKG(K)UNSPECIFIED
Depositing User: Dwi Prihastuti
Date Deposited: 28 Feb 2012 12:00
Last Modified: 02 Aug 2016 07:34
URI: http://repository.unair.ac.id/id/eprint/19355
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