PERAN FAKTOR SOSIAL (POLA TEMPAT TINGGAL DAN AKTIVITAS SOSIAL) PADA POLA MAKAN HEI DAN KESEHATAN LANJUT USIA (Studi di Posyandu Lansia Karangsemi Nganjuk)

SEPTIYANI DWI P, 100710194 (2012) PERAN FAKTOR SOSIAL (POLA TEMPAT TINGGAL DAN AKTIVITAS SOSIAL) PADA POLA MAKAN HEI DAN KESEHATAN LANJUT USIA (Studi di Posyandu Lansia Karangsemi Nganjuk). Skripsi thesis, UNIVERSITAS AIRLANGGA.

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Abstract

Jumlah penduduk lanjut usia di dunia meningkat termasuk Indonesia. Penduduk lanjut usia merupakan kelompok yang rentan terhadap masalah kesehatan dan nutrisi. Masalah yang dihadapi penduduk lanjut usia meliputi penyakit kronis dan mobilitas. Kesehatan lanjut usia ditentukan oleh resultan faktor kondisi fisik, kondisi psikologis, dan lingkungan. Faktor risiko kesehatan lansia adalah pola tempat tinggal, aktivitas sosial dan pola makan. Penelitian ini dilakukan untuk mempelajari peran sosial (pola tempat tinggal dan aktivitas sosial) pada pola makan dan kesehatan lanjut usia di Posyandu lansia. Penelitian dilakukan dengan rancangan cross sectional dan penyajian analisa deskriptif dengan 31 sampel (umur ≥ 60 tahun). Subyek diambil dari populasi dengan teknik purposive sampling dengan inklusi yang mempunyai kesehatan mental bagus (MMSE ≥ 20). Data primer diperoleh melalui wawancara kuesioner untuk mengetahui pola tempat tinggal dan aktivitas sosial dan food recall 24 jam selama 3 hari untuk mengetahui pola makan kemudian dikategorikan menurut Healthy Eating Index (HEI). Status kesehatan dilihat dari ADLs yang didapat dari wawancara skala ADLs dan tekanan darah yang didapat dari data posyandu. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa pola makan HEI buruk banyak ditemukan pada lanjut usia yang tinggal sendiri (45,4 %) dan mengikuti aktivitas sosial (30,8 %). Tekanan darah tinggi banyak ditemukan pada lanjut usia yang tinggal sendiri (63, 6 %), tidak mengikuti aktivitas sosial (60 %), dan pola makan HEI buruk (75 %). Sebagian besar lansia mandiri melakukan ADLs tak terbedakan faktor sosial dan pola makan HEI. Usaha pencegahan melalui konseling pola hidup sehat dan pelayanan posyandu lanjut usia lebih ditingkatkan.Keluarga dan lingkungan sekitar Lanjut usia diharapkan memberikan dukungan pada lanjut usia baik materiil, informasional, dan spiritual. Pemerintah perlu memperhatikan lanjut usia yang tinggal sendiri, mendukung kebijakan dan program untuk mempertahankan kesehatan mereka. Translation: The population aging in the world is increasing, include Indonesia. The elderly are vulnerable to health problems and nutrition. Elderly are encountered chronic diseases and mobility. The health of the elderly is affected by the resultant factor of the physical factor, psychological factor, and environmental factor. Health risks factors elderly are influenced by living arrangements, social activities and diet. Research objective was to learn the social roles (living arrangements and social activities) to diet and health of the elderly. The study was conducted using a cross sectional descriptive analytic with 31 sample (aged ≥ 60 years). The subject were taken from the population by purposive sampling technique with inclusion have good mental health (MMSE ≥ 20). The primary data were obtained through interview by questionnaire to know about living arrangements and social activities, food recall 24 hours for 3 days to know the diet then categorized by Healthy Eating Index (HEI). Health status were assessed by ADLs which it got from interview by ADLs scale primarily and blood pressure which it got from posyandu data. The results showed poor diet HEI found in many elderly who lived alone (45.4%) and attend social activities (30.8%). High blood pressure often found in the elderly who lived alone (63, 6%), no social activities (60%), and poor diet HEI (75%). Most of the elderly independently perform ADLs by social factors and diet HEI. Based on this result of study, it is suggested prevention effort through healthy lifestyles counseling to elderly and health service in Posyandu more improved. Elderly’s families and neighborhood are expected to provide support to the elderly either material, informational, and spiritual. Goverment need to pay greater attention to elderly who lived alone, to support holistic policies and programs for ensuring their health well being.

Item Type: Thesis (Skripsi)
Additional Information: KKC KK FKM 283/12 Sep p
Uncontrolled Keywords: AGED-SERVICES FOR; AGED - MEDICAL CARE
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HQ The family. Marriage. Woman > HQ1-2044 The Family. Marriage. Women > HQ503-1064 The family. Marriage. Home > HQ806 Adultery
H Social Sciences > HT Communities. Classes. Races > HT51-1595 Communities. Classes. Races > HT601-1445 Classes > HT641-657 Classes arising from birth, Including royalty, nobility, commons
Divisions: 10. Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat
Creators:
CreatorsNIM/NIDN
SEPTIYANI DWI P, 100710194UNSPECIFIED
Contributors:
ContributionNameNIDN/NIDK/NUP
ContributorSri Adiningsih, Dr., dr., M.S, M.CNUNSPECIFIED
Depositing User: Nurma Harumiaty
Date Deposited: 26 Dec 2012 12:00
Last Modified: 03 Nov 2016 21:20
URI: http://repository.unair.ac.id/id/eprint/23366
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