Hubungan Faktor Karakteristik, Pola Konsumsi Dan Penyakit Infeksi Dengan Kejadian Stunting Pada Balita

Khoirun Ni’mah (2015) Hubungan Faktor Karakteristik, Pola Konsumsi Dan Penyakit Infeksi Dengan Kejadian Stunting Pada Balita. Skripsi thesis, UNIVERSITAS AIRLANGGA.

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Abstract

Stunting merupakan penggambaran dari status gizi kurang yang bersifat kronik pada masa pertumbuhan dan perkembangan sejak awal kehidupan. Kejadian stunting dapat disebabkan oleh beberapa faktor seperti karakteristik keluarga dan balita serta asupan zat gizi yang kurang disertai dengan terjadinya penyakit infeksi pada anak. Data di Puskesmas Tanah Kali Kedinding tahun 2012-2014, menunjukkan adanya peningkatan kasus stunting pada balita dari 20,83% pada tahun 2012 menjadi 21,86% pada tahun 2013 dan meningkat lagi menjadi 25,69 pada tahun 2014. Tujuan penelitian ini secara umum untuk menganalisis hubungan faktor karakteristik, pola konsumsi dan penyakit infeksi dengan kejadian stunting pada balita. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian observasional analitik dengan desain kasus kontrol. Sampel kasus 34 balita stunting dan kontrol sebanyak 34 balita tinggi badan normal di wilayah kerja Puskesmas Tanah Kali Kedinding. Variabel bebas terdiri dari karakteristik balita, karakteristik keluarga, pola konsumsi dan penyakit infeksi. Variabel terikat adalah kejadian stunting. Hubungan variabel bebas dan terikat serta faktor risikonya diketahui melalui uji chi-square. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa faktor yang memiliki hubungan secara signifikan dengan kejadian stunting pada balita adalah panjang badan lahir balita (p=0,045; OR 4,091), riwayat ASI eksklusif (p=0,025; OR 4,643), tingkat pendapatan keluarga (p=0,04; OR 3,250), pengeluaran untuk konsumsi (p=0,025; OR 3,656), pendidikan ibu (p=0,029; OR 3,378) dan pengetahuan ibu (p=0,015; OR 3,877). Tidak terdapat hubungan antara asupan energi (p=0,19) dan protein (p=0,34) dan riwayat terjadinya infeksi (diare, p=0,454; ISPA, p=0,391) dengan kejadian stunting pada balita. Kesimpulan penelitian ini adalah beberapa faktor karakteristik balita maupun keluarga berhubungan dengan kejadian stunting pada balita. Upaya yang disarankan adalah memberikan KIE dimulai pada usia remaja wanita tentang gizi pertumbuhan balita dan pentingnya dukungan terhadap pelaksanaan program pemberian ASI Eksklusif Translation: Stunting reflects chronic undernutrition during the most critical periods of growth and development in early life. Stunting can caused by many factors such as family and child characteristics, nutritional intakes and infections. Data of Puskesmas Tanah Kali Kedinding Surabaya between 2012-2014 showed that there were increasing prevalence of stunting among children under five years old from 20,83% in 2012, to 21,86% in 2013 and 25,69% in 2014. The objective of this research was to analyze the relationship between characteristic factors (child and family characteristics), nutritional intakes and infections with stunting among children aged 12-59 months. This research was an analytical observational study using case control design. 34 stunting children and 34 non-stunting children were enrolled in this study. Independent variables were child characteristics, family haracteristics, nutritional intakes, food consumption patterns and infections. Dependent variable was stunting in children. Chi square test was used to examine the relationship of dependent and independent variables and the risk factor. The result showed that the significant relationship of stunting were length birth (p=0,045; OR 4,091), exclusive breast feeding (p=0,025; OR 4,643), family income (p=0,04; OR 3,250), money for consumptions (p=0,025; OR 3,656), mother’s education (p=0,029; OR 3,378) and mother’s nutrition knowledge (p=0,015; OR 3,877). There were no relationship between energy (p=0,19) and protein intake (p=0,34) and infection (diarrhea, p=0,454; ISPA, p=0,391) with stunting in children aged 12-59 months. The conclusions of this research, there were relationship between some of child and family characteristics with stunting in children. It can be recommended that counselling about nutrition for child growth and development can be given to young woman and mothers and it’s important to give social support for well breastfeeding practice to the baby in the early births.

Item Type: Thesis (Skripsi)
Additional Information: KKC KK FKM. 65-15 Ni'm h
Uncontrolled Keywords: FOOD CONSUMPTION; INFECTIONS
Subjects: R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > RA1-1270 Public aspects of medicine > RA421-790.95 Public health. Hygiene. Preventive medicine > RA601-602 Food and food supply in relation to public health
Divisions: 10. Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat
Creators:
CreatorsNIM
Khoirun Ni’mahNIM101111076
Contributors:
ContributionNameNIDN / NIDK
Thesis advisorSiti Rahayu Nadhiroh, , S.KM., M.Kes.NIDN0031057506
Depositing User: Unnamed user with email nafisa@lib.unair.ac.id
Date Deposited: 26 Aug 2015 12:00
Last Modified: 04 Jun 2020 17:02
URI: http://repository.unair.ac.id/id/eprint/23893
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