PERUBAHAN KONSENTRASI Ca2+ SITOSOL BASAL SEL ENDOTEL PEMBULUH DARAH YANG TERPAPAR GLUKOSA KADAR TINGGI DAN HUBUNGANNYA DENGAN H2O2, LIPID PEROKSID DAN TINGKAT RESPIRASI MITOKONDRIA

NUR PERMATASARI, 099712371D (2013) PERUBAHAN KONSENTRASI Ca2+ SITOSOL BASAL SEL ENDOTEL PEMBULUH DARAH YANG TERPAPAR GLUKOSA KADAR TINGGI DAN HUBUNGANNYA DENGAN H2O2, LIPID PEROKSID DAN TINGKAT RESPIRASI MITOKONDRIA. Disertasi thesis, UNIVERSITAS AIRLANGGA.

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Abstract

The changes in homeostasis Ca2+ intracellular was one of the basic mechanisms of vascular endothelial dysfunction, which has an important role in the development of vascular complication of diabetes mellitus. The objective of this study was to explain the influence of H2O2, lipid peroxide and the degree of mitochondrial respiration on basal Ca2+ intracellular concentration ([Ca2+ The study was done in cultured human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) exposed to normal (5mM/L) and high d-glucose concentration (11, 22 and 33 mM/L) for 3,5,7 and 9 days. [Ca] in vascular endothelial cells exposed to high glucose concentration. 2+]i was measured using the Ca2+ probe Fura 2AM and observed by spectroflurometric and optical method. H2O2 was determined using spectrofluorometric, whilst lipid peroxide (MDA) was measured using spectrophotometric. The level of mitochondrial respiration was measured using spectrophotometric. In addition, we also examined duration of the decreasing phase of [Ca2+ The result showed that [Ca] transient evoked by ATP with a supramaximal concentration, the cell density and the cellular structure. 2+]i, H2O2, and MDA in cells exposed to high glucose for 3,5,7 and 9 days, respectively were significantly increased, whereas the level of mitochondrial respiration was significantly decreased. The analytic results of simultaneous equivalent system showed that H2O2 had a significant positive role toward basal [Ca2+]i during the exposure of high glucose for 3,5, and 7 days respectively. MDA had a significant positive role toward basal [Ca2+]i during the exposure of high glucose for 3 days. The level of mitochondrial respiration had a significant negative role toward basal [Ca2+]i during the exposure of high glucose for 5 days, but there was a significant positive role during 9 days exposed to high glucose. The exposure of cells to glucose 22 mM/L for 9 days resulted in the prolonged of decreasing phase of ATP-induced Ca2+ In conclusion, the increase of basal [Ca signaling. The conditions was not showed in cells exposed to glucose 22 mM/L for 3,5, and 7 days. There was a decrease in the density of cultures exposed to glucose 33 mM/L for 7,14 and 21 days. The exposure of cells to glucose 22 and 33 mM/L for 9 days resulted in the changes in the cellular structure. 2+]i in vascular endothelial cells exposed to high glucose for 3,5,7 and 9 days are caused by the roles of H2O2 and the level of mitochondrial respiration, while the role of lipid peroxide is seen in glucose exposure for 3 days merely. There is a strong suggestion that the high glucose exposure for 9 days alters the homeostasis of Ca2+ intracellular, the production of H2O2 and the synthesis of ATP, which is followed by changing in cellular structure, thus it gives the disadvantages of cellular prognosis.

Item Type: Thesis (Disertasi)
Additional Information: KKA KK Dis K06/13 Per p
Uncontrolled Keywords: endothelial cells - glucose - [Ca2+]i - H2O2 - lipid peroxide - ATP
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General) > R735-854 Medical education. Medical schools. Research
Divisions: 09. Sekolah Pasca Sarjana > Ilmu Kedokteran
Creators:
CreatorsNIM/NIDN
NUR PERMATASARI, 099712371DUNSPECIFIED
Contributors:
ContributionNameNIDN/NIDK/NUP
ContributorMa’rifin Husin, Prof. ,dr.,MSc.,SpFKUNSPECIFIED
Depositing User: mat sjafi'i
Date Deposited: 27 Sep 2016 06:24
Last Modified: 27 Sep 2016 06:24
URI: http://repository.unair.ac.id/id/eprint/32125
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