KERAGAMAN GENETIK DAN PENANDA MORFOLOGI,FISIOLOGI, BIOKIMIA SERTA MOLEKULER TANAMAN JAGUNG (Zea mays L.) EFISIEN NITROGEN

MAKHZIAH, 090810038 D (2014) KERAGAMAN GENETIK DAN PENANDA MORFOLOGI,FISIOLOGI, BIOKIMIA SERTA MOLEKULER TANAMAN JAGUNG (Zea mays L.) EFISIEN NITROGEN. Disertasi thesis, UNIVERSITAS AIRLANGGA.

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Official URL: http://lib.unair.ac.id

Abstract

Nitrogen use efficiency (NUE) should become a good consideration in order to minimize the negative impacts of excessive N fertilization, particularly on crops that need lots of nitrogen (N) such as maize. Therefore, this research was carried out to enhance the understanding of genetic basis of NUE via morphological, physiological, biochemical traits and also molecular markers linked to NUE as criteria selection and find genetic materials for developing maize genotypes that use N efficiently or low-N tolerant. Three trials were carried out in this research; 1) evaluating genetic variation of maize for most of characters (morphology, physiology, biochemical) related to NUE and find out genetic materials for developing N efficient maize genotypes; 2) root system assessment in early growth stage;3) protein profile analysis and molecular markers selection as candidate for marker assisted selection (MAS) in breeding for developing N-efficient maize genotypes or tolerant to Nlow. Ten genotypes were evaluated at four N levels (0; 30; 90; 180 kg N/ha) in split plot randomized block design with three replications in field and in green house for root system assessment. Early root system growth of four genoptypes was evaluated as criteria selection for N-efficient genotypes. Protein profile analyzed by SDS PAGE and random amplified polymorphism DNAs (RAPD) markers were selected for polymorphism to develop markers linked to NUE traits. Quantitative data was analyzed by heritability estimates, analysis of covariance (ANCOVA), honestly significant difference (HSD), and Pearson correlation analysis. Result showed N deprivation caused significantly (P #8804;0,01) varied reductions of plant height, leaves area, chlorophyll content, stay green, N uptake, biomass accumulation, grain yield and grain number among genotypes; but did increase anthesis-silking interval and N efficiency parameters. Heritability estimates were high for most of measured traits at all N levels. NK-33, Bisi-2, Pioneer-21, DK-979 and Bisma had more yield and high NUE therefore could be considered as genetic materials for developing N-efficient genotypes. Root system, biomass accumulation, N uptake, N uptake efficiency, N remobilization, NUE and agronomy efficiency were positive correlated significantly with yield, while nitrate reductase activity only related to yield at N-high. Some proteins (nitrate reductase, glutamine sintetase, glutamat dehidrogenase, dekarboksilase) may related to NUE. RAPD markers OPA2, OPA3, OPA5, OPA9, OPA11, OPA12, OPA13 and OPA18 showed polymorphism and could potentially as marker assisted selection (MAS) for identifying genotypes with high NUE or low-N tolerant genotypes in maize breeding program.

Item Type: Thesis (Disertasi)
Additional Information: KKC KK DIS M 02/15 Mak k
Uncontrolled Keywords: maize, nitrogen use efficiency, genetic variation, marker assisted selection.
Subjects: Q Science > QD Chemistry > QD415-436 Biochemistry
Q Science > QH Natural history > QH301 Biology
Q Science > QK Botany > QK1-989 Botany
Q Science > QK Botany > QK710-899 Plant physiology
Divisions: 09. Sekolah Pasca Sarjana > Ilmu Matematika & IPA
Creators:
CreatorsEmail
MAKHZIAH, 090810038 DUNSPECIFIED
Contributors:
ContributionNameEmail
ContributorKusriningrum Rochiman S, Prof.,Dr.,Ir.,Hj.,MSUNSPECIFIED
ContributorHery Purnobasuki, Prof.,H.,M.Si.,PhDUNSPECIFIED
Depositing User: Nn Anisa Septiyo Ningtias
Date Deposited: 20 Jun 2017 16:28
Last Modified: 20 Jun 2017 16:29
URI: http://repository.unair.ac.id/id/eprint/32775
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