Deteksi DNA Haemophilus influenzae tipe b (Hib) DAN Neisseria meningitidis menggunakan metode polymerase chain reaktion pada cairan serebrospinal pasien meningitis dengan hasil kultutr negatif.

YUNAN JIWINTARUM, 090214748-M (2004) Deteksi DNA Haemophilus influenzae tipe b (Hib) DAN Neisseria meningitidis menggunakan metode polymerase chain reaktion pada cairan serebrospinal pasien meningitis dengan hasil kultutr negatif. Thesis thesis, UNIVERSITAS AIRLANGGA.

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Official URL: http://lib.unair.ac.id

Abstract

This was a descriptive exploratory research. In general, the objectives of the research were to seek proper and fast diagnostic techniques for meningitis patients. The objectives of the research, in particular, were to seek the proportion of the positive PCR results of bacterial meningitis caused by Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib) and Neisseria meningitidis with negative cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) culture results. There were thirty-nine CSF samples drawn from two hundred-ninety six CSF. The culture results from the entire samples were negative Hib and Neisseria meningitidis. The samples were extracted by heating, amplification, and run in 2% of agarose gel electrophoresis. The first DNA amplification was carried our by multiple polymerase chain reaction (PCR) to detect the Haemophilus influenzae DNA and Neisseria meningitidis serogroups A, B, C by means of Haemophilus influenzae specific primer and Neisseria meningitidis serogroups A, B and C specific primer. The samples with positive Haemophilus influenzae PCR result were continued by determining the Hib using the Hib specific primer. The result was electrophoresis and read by way of the ultraviolet rays. The results were qualitatively analyzed by way of inductive process judgment. The results of the research showed that the proportion of positive CSF samples by PCR method were eight samples (20,5%) for Haemophilus influenzae and two samples (5,1%) for Neisseria meningitidis. From the eight samples of positive Haemophilus influenzae; seven samples (17,9%) were Hib and one sample (2,5%) was non-Hib. The estimation of positive result proportions by means of 95% level of significance were: 7,6%- 33,2% for Haemophilus influenzae, 0%-12% for Neisseria meningitidis and 5,9%- 30% for Hib. It can be concluded from the research that PCR method provides additional positive results on bacterial meningitis diagnosis; in which the previous culture method shows negative culture results. Furthermore, the PCR method is relatively faster than culture method. The time required beginning from the extraction, amplification, electrophoresis until the result reading is approximately four hours. Therefore, PCR method can be used as an alternative for laboratory diagnosis method on bacterial meningitis patients to equip the test results by using culture or serological technique.

Item Type: Thesis (Thesis)
Additional Information: KKA KK TKD 05/05 Jiw d
Uncontrolled Keywords: Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib) and Neisseria meningitidis , polymerase chain reaction, meningitis, cerebrospinal fluid
Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General) > Q179.9-180 Research
R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC109-216 Infectious and parasitic diseases
Divisions: 09. Sekolah Pasca Sarjana
Creators:
CreatorsNIM/NIDN
YUNAN JIWINTARUM, 090214748-MUNSPECIFIED
Contributors:
ContributionNameNIDN/NIDK/NUP
ContributorEddy Bagus asito, -UNSPECIFIED
ContributorMarijam Purwanta, -UNSPECIFIED
Depositing User: Tn Joko Iskandar
Date Deposited: 2016
Last Modified: 14 Jun 2017 18:17
URI: http://repository.unair.ac.id/id/eprint/35418
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