FAKTOR RISIKO TERJADINYA PNEMONIA BERAT PADA BAYI DI KABUPATEN LOMBOK TIMOR

Utun Supria, 090110303 L (2003) FAKTOR RISIKO TERJADINYA PNEMONIA BERAT PADA BAYI DI KABUPATEN LOMBOK TIMOR. Thesis thesis, UNIVERSITAS AIRLANGGA.

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Official URL: http://lib.unair.ac.id

Abstract

Upper respiratory infection remains a primary health problem among infants and under fives in the District of East Lombok. To date, more than a half of the proportion of infant mortality results from severe pneumonia. Although the incidence rate in 2001 and 2002 was lower than the national rate, it has provided a large contribution for the total infant mortality rate. The objective of this study was to investigate relationship between the factors of home environment, infants and socioeconomic and the incidence of severe pneumonia in infants. This was a case control study. The case was infants aged between 0 and I year, who lived in the District of East Lombok, were hospitalized in Selong General Hospital from January to June 2003 and diagnosed as having severe pneumonia by pediatrician in the hospital. Control consisted of patients with common cold who lived around the house of those infants. Total sample was 104 individuals, each 52 individuals in case and control groups. The dependent variable was infants with severe pneumonia, while the independent variables were the risk factors of home environment (density of bedroom inhabitants, room ventilation, room natural illumination, pollution from cooking smoke, cigarette smoke, mosquito repellent smoke, floor type, wail type, presence of primary infection, presence of poultry, and air humidity), factors of the infants (age, sex, low birth weight, and immunization status), and socioeconomic factors (parents' age, education, income, regularity in taking medications, and habit to search for treatment to non-medical healers). Data were collected using interview, observation, and measurement using questionnaire. Analysis was done descriptively to investigate subjects' frequency distribution in each variable and using statistical analysis to prove relationship between independent and dependent variables. Statistical analysis was carried out by means of logistic regression with significance level of p < 0,05, and odds ratio to estimate risk. Results showed that there was only one significant variable, i.e., density of bedroom inhabitants, with p = 0.002 and OR = 4.588, which was at the range between 1.757 and 11.985. This indicated that infants who slept in a densely inhabited bedroom might have a risk 4 - 5 times higher to suffer from severe pneumonia compared to those who slept not in densely inhabited bedroom. Other variables were found not as risk factors of severe pneumonia in infants.

Item Type: Thesis (Thesis)
Additional Information: KKC KK TKM 04/04 Sup f
Uncontrolled Keywords: Severe pneumonia, infants, bedroom density
Subjects: R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC666-701 Diseases of the circulatory (Cardiovascular) system
R Medicine > RJ Pediatrics > RJ101 Child Health. Child health services
Divisions: 09. Sekolah Pasca Sarjana > Ilmu Kesehatan
Creators:
CreatorsNIM/NIDN
Utun Supria, 090110303 LUNSPECIFIED
Contributors:
ContributionNameNIDN/NIDK/NUP
ContributorSunarjo, Dr.,dr.,MS.,M.ScUNSPECIFIED
ContributorDjohar Nuswantoro, dr.,M.PHUNSPECIFIED
Depositing User: Nn Anisa Septiyo Ningtias
Date Deposited: 2016
Last Modified: 02 Jul 2017 22:12
URI: http://repository.unair.ac.id/id/eprint/35786
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