PENGARUH PEMBERIAN ZAT BESI (Fe) DAN SENG (Zn) TERHADAP PENINGKATAN KADAR HEMOGLOBIN (fib) DAN STATUS GIZI ANAK SEKOLAII DASAR DI DAERAH ENDEMIS MALARIA (Studi Di SD Inpres Panite II, Desa Bena Kee. Amanuban Selatan, Kab. TTS Propinsi Nusa Tenggara Timur)

ERLINA ROSITA SALMUN, 090114315 (2003) PENGARUH PEMBERIAN ZAT BESI (Fe) DAN SENG (Zn) TERHADAP PENINGKATAN KADAR HEMOGLOBIN (fib) DAN STATUS GIZI ANAK SEKOLAII DASAR DI DAERAH ENDEMIS MALARIA (Studi Di SD Inpres Panite II, Desa Bena Kee. Amanuban Selatan, Kab. TTS Propinsi Nusa Tenggara Timur). Thesis thesis, UNIVERSITAS AIRLANGGA.

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Official URL: http://lib.unair.ac.id

Abstract

The objective of this study was to investigate the influence of iron (Fe) and zinc (Zn) administration on the increase of hemoglobin (FIb) level and nutrition status in anemic elementary school children in malaria endemic area. T;ds cohort experimental study was undertaken for 3 months using pretest and posttest control group design. Population consisted of 131 elementary school childreof_vear I - III (aged 7 - 9 years) in Elementary School Panite 11, South Amanuban Subdistrict, District of Timor Tengah Selatan, Province of East Nusa Tenggara. The samples were screened using the following criteria: having history of malaria in the last one year, showing spleen enlargement (spleen rate), and Fib of less than 12 g/dl (as measured by Cyanmethemoglobin method), and receiving Zn therapy. Screening by simple random sampling revealed 30 subjects. Using allocation random sampling they were divided into three groups, i.e., group I (standard) that received only Zn, group II received Zn + Fe simultaneously, and group III received Zn + Fe alternately. Before being given with supplement, those groups received antimalarial and anthelminthic drugs. Results showed highly significant difference in pretest and posttest Hb level in each group with p values in all groups showed p = 0.000 (p ; 0.05). The difference of Hb level was found to increase from group I (control) that received Zn supplement only (2.7110 + 1.1943 g/dl), to group Il that received simultaneous Zn + Fe (3.8930 J-1.6163), and finally to group III that received alternate Zn + Fe (4.5900 = L8549 g/d1). Posttest Fib level between group I (standard) and treatment groups (group II and 111) showed significant difference withp = 0.010. Significant difference in Hb level was found between group I (standard) that received Zn only and group III that received alternate Zn + Fe, with p = 0.003 (p < 0.05). However, group it and III showed no significant difference in poshest Hb level. In view of numerous positive aspects in this study, a program to provide Zn and Fe supplement for anemic elementary school children in malaria endemic area is worth to consider.

Item Type: Thesis (Thesis)
Uncontrolled Keywords: malaria endemic area, anemia, Hemoglobine(Hb), iron ('e), =Inc (Zn)
Subjects: Q Science > QD Chemistry > QD1-999 Chemistry
R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > RA1-1270 Public aspects of medicine > RA421-790.95 Public health. Hygiene. Preventive medicine > RA771-771.7 Rural health and hygiene. Rural health services
R Medicine > RJ Pediatrics > RJ101 Child Health. Child health services
T Technology > TX Home economics > TX341-641 Nutrition. Foods and food supply
Divisions: 09. Sekolah Pasca Sarjana > Ilmu Kesehatan
Creators:
CreatorsNIM/NIDN
ERLINA ROSITA SALMUN, 090114315UNSPECIFIED
Contributors:
ContributionNameNIDN/NIDK/NUP
ContributorBambang Wirjatmadi, Prof.,dr.,MS.,MCN.,PhDUNSPECIFIED
ContributorHari Basuki N., Dr.,dr.,M.KesUNSPECIFIED
Depositing User: Nn Anisa Septiyo Ningtias
Date Deposited: 2016
Last Modified: 02 Jul 2017 22:13
URI: http://repository.unair.ac.id/id/eprint/35788
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