FAKTOR RISIKO KEJADIAN PNEMONIA PADA BALITA DI WILAYAH KERJA PUSKESMAS TANAH KALI KEDINDING KECAMATAN KENJERAN KOTA SURABAYA

PRIYO SANTOSO, 090013937 M (2002) FAKTOR RISIKO KEJADIAN PNEMONIA PADA BALITA DI WILAYAH KERJA PUSKESMAS TANAH KALI KEDINDING KECAMATAN KENJERAN KOTA SURABAYA. Thesis thesis, UNIVERSITAS AIRLANGGA.

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Official URL: http://lib.unair.ac.id

Abstract

Background : Pneumonia is an infectious disease mostly found in infants and underfives. The incidence of pneumonia in infants may have long-term implications that may emerge during adulthood, presenting as the functional decrease of pulmonary ventilation. Pneumonia remains a health problem in Indonesia today. The incidence rate of pneumonia in Indonesian infants is between 10% and 20% each year. Estimation of national mortality rate of pneumonia is 6 per 1.000 infants or approximately 150.000 infants each year. The incidence rate of pneumonia in Community Health Center (Purkesmas) of Tanah Kali Kedinding, Kenjeran Subdistrict, in 2001 was 596 with the proportion of 17,72%, the highest among all health centers in Surabaya. Objective : The objective of this study was to identify risk factors that influenced the incidence of pneumonia in underfives. Method : This study was a case control study by comparing probability of exposed case to that of unexposed case, and searching for the risk factors of the disease incidence. Estimation of pneumonia risk factors was done by using Odds Ratio (OR). Subjects were underfives of 12 – 48 months old, living in the working area of Community Health Center (Puskesmas) Tanah Kali Kedinding, Kenjeran Subdistrict, Surabaya, from March to May 2002. Sample size was 134, consisting of 67 respondents as case and 67 others as control. The independent variables were age, sex, nutritional status, immunization status, vitamin A capsule administration, mothers education, mother's knowledge, family income, house density, house ventilation, and pollution of cigarette smoking. The dependent variable was the incidence of pneumonia in underfives. Data analysis was done descriptively and presented as frequency distribution, cross tabulation and percentage. Analysis was done using univariate and multivariate analysis with logistic regression test with the level of significance of 95% (p < 0,05) to identify the influence of independent variables on the dependent variables as well as the risk estimation (odds ratio) of the cause of pneumonia in underfives. Result : Results showed that the risk factors of pneumonia in underfives were poor nutritional status (p = 0,000), less satisfactory nutritional status (p = 0,000), underfives with no measles immunization (p = 0,001), and poor house ventilation (p = 0,000). Underfives with poor and less satisfactory nutritional status had a risk of pneumonia of respectively 33,693 times and 20,752 times higher than those with satisfactory nutritional status. Underfives with no measles immunization had a risk of pneumonia of 19,934 higher than those with measles immunization, and underfives who lived in a house with poor ventilation had a risk of pneumonia of 9,067 higher than those who lived in a house with good ventilation.

Item Type: Thesis (Thesis)
Additional Information: KKC KK TKM 17/03 San f
Uncontrolled Keywords: Pneumonia, incidence, risk factors.
Subjects: R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > RA1-1270 Public aspects of medicine > RA421-790.95 Public health. Hygiene. Preventive medicine > RA771-771.7 Rural health and hygiene. Rural health services
R Medicine > RJ Pediatrics > RJ101 Child Health. Child health services
Divisions: 10. Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat > Magister Ilmu Kesehatan Masyarakat
Creators:
CreatorsEmail
PRIYO SANTOSO, 090013937 MUNSPECIFIED
Contributors:
ContributionNameEmail
ContributorEddy Pranowo Soedibjo, Prof.,H.,dr.,MPHUNSPECIFIED
ContributorDjohar Nuswantoro, dr.,MPHUNSPECIFIED
Depositing User: Nn Anisa Septiyo Ningtias
Date Deposited: 2016
Last Modified: 02 Jul 2017 22:29
URI: http://repository.unair.ac.id/id/eprint/35806
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