AKTIVITAS ANTIMALARIA ISOLAT YANG BERASAL DARI EKSTRAK DIKLOROMETANA KULIT BATANG ARTOCARPUS CHAMPEDEN SPRENG. SECARA IN VITRO

NURI, 090315014 (2006) AKTIVITAS ANTIMALARIA ISOLAT YANG BERASAL DARI EKSTRAK DIKLOROMETANA KULIT BATANG ARTOCARPUS CHAMPEDEN SPRENG. SECARA IN VITRO. Thesis thesis, UNIVERSITAS AIRLANGGA.

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Official URL: http://lib.unair.ac.id

Abstract

In the recent time, the medicinal plants have been as source of lead compounds to treat any diseases, especially infectious diseases. One of infection deseases which often occurred in the tropical countries is malarial disease. The research for medicinal plants to obtain the new compounds which posses antimalarial activity has been done intensively by some reseacher in the recent decade. In Indonesia, one of plants which has been used traditionally to treat malaria was Artocarpus champeden Spreng. The early test antimalarial activity of dichlorometane extract of A. champeden showed that it possesed potency to inhibit the growth of Plasmodium falciparum. In this research the isolation of dichlorometane extract of A. champeden stem bark has been done, and followed by test of antimalarial activity for each step isolation. The pulverized of A. champeden stem bark (750 grams) was macerated with n-hexane to remove the fat. Residue was air-dried and macerated again with dichlorometane. The extract which was obtained then concentrated and produced 6.6 grams diclorometane extract. The dichlorometane extract was tested for antimalarial activity in vitro. Asyncronized P. falciparum 3D7 strain was used in this research. The dichlorometane extract was diluted in 0.5% dimethylsulfoxide (DMSO). As a negative control was DMSO and as positive control was chloroquine diphosphate. The inhibition of parasite growth was calculated by counting microscopicaly parasitized-erytrocytes per 5000 erytrocytes on giemsa stained-thin blood films. The IC50 value was calculated by means of probit analysis. The isolation was continued by fractionation to 4 grams dichloromethane extract. Fractionation was done by vacuum liquid chromatography with the stationary phase was silica gel and the mobile phase were n-hexane, n-hexane¬ dichlorometane, dichlorometane, dichlorometane- methanol and methanol respectively with declin concentration gradient 5%. This fractionation produced 15 fractions. The 14th fraction (985 grams) which possesed antimalarial potency, futhermore separated by open column chromatography. As the stationary phase was used silica gel and as mobile phase were used n-hexane:ethylasetate with ratio 2:1 to 0:1. This separtion produced 8 sub fractions. The 14.6 sub fraction separated by preparative thin layer chromatogrphy, as the stationary phase was used silica gel RP8 and as the mobile phase was used acetonitril:methanol:water (2:2:1), produced the Isolate I 1,1 grams. This isolate was tested for its antimalarial activity. The result of antimalarial activity of dichlorometane extract, 14th fraction and the Isolate I were found to have IC50 value of 0.974 ± 0.181 µg/ml, 0.189 ± 0.016 µg/ml, 0.024 ± 0.011 µg/ml respectively. Futhermore, the Isolate I was identified by chromatogrphy and spectroscopy methods. The result of identification by TLC with some stationary phases and mobile phases, visualitation with ammonia was found one intensive yellow spot. The Isolate I was then analyzed by high perfomance liquid chromatography method, and showed that it contain one major compound and that it contain one major compound and 1 - 2 additonal compounds under λ 365 nm. The UV-Vis spectrum profile of the major peak was found to be identical with the UV-Vis spectrum profile of flavonol. After identification of the compound by TLC and the UV-Vis spectrum profile, could be concluded that the compound was flavonol. This conclusion was confirmed by the infrared spectrum of the Isolate I which showed that there were vibration of 0-H and C4) bonding, while by the NMR spectrum of Isolate I showed there were aril protons ArH Overall, the conclusion was, that Isolate I contained a major compound of flavonol and active as an antimalarial. It is necessary to conduct a further research to determine the structure of that compound and its mechanism of action.

Item Type: Thesis (Thesis)
Additional Information: KKB KK-2 TF 02/06 Nur a
Uncontrolled Keywords: Artocarpus champeden stem bark, Plasmodium falciparum, flavonol, antimalarial activity
Subjects: R Medicine > RS Pharmacy and materia medica > RS1-441 Pharmacy and materia medica
S Agriculture > SB Plant culture
Divisions: 05. Fakultas Farmasi
Creators:
CreatorsEmail
NURI, 090315014UNSPECIFIED
Contributors:
ContributionNameEmail
ContributorYoes Prijatna Dachlan, Prof. Dr., dr., M.ScUNSPECIFIED
ContributorMulja Hadi Santoso, Dr. rer. nat., AptUNSPECIFIED
Depositing User: Nn Husnul Khotimah
Date Deposited: 2016
Last Modified: 10 Jul 2017 20:13
URI: http://repository.unair.ac.id/id/eprint/36068
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