ANALISIS FAKTOR RISIKO PAPARAN KARBON MONOKSIDA TERHADAP KARBOKSIHEMOGLOBIN DALAM DARAH PEKERJA CLUB MALAM “ FP ” DI SURABAYA

MUHAMMAD ASRI, 090810541 M (2010) ANALISIS FAKTOR RISIKO PAPARAN KARBON MONOKSIDA TERHADAP KARBOKSIHEMOGLOBIN DALAM DARAH PEKERJA CLUB MALAM “ FP ” DI SURABAYA. Thesis thesis, UNIVERSITAS AIRLANGGA.

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Abstract

The aim of this research is to study the effect of risk factors include age, time of service, working hours, and smoking habits on COHb levels in "FP" Surabaya Night Club employees' blood. This study is an analytic observational study which conducted cross sectional. The research was conducted within May to August 2010. Data collection was performed at the 3rd week of June 2010. The population in this study is 43; they were the employees of "FP" Surabaya Night Club. The sample of this study is 30 people who are willing to give their blood sample. Examination on blood COHb levels and interview with the help of a questionnaire were done to determine age, time of service, working hours, and smoking habits. In this research, the measurement of CO concentration in the air at "FP" Surabaya Night Club was done at three points, those are around the stage, around the bartender and the dance floor area. The researcher used a multiple linear regression to analyze the risk factors : age, time of service, working hours, and smoking habits on COHb levels in blood. The levels of CO in the air at "FP" Surabaya Night Club range from 13.33 ppm to 18.67 ppm with an average concentration of 16.55 ppm. Since the average of CO concentration in the air at "FP" Surabaya Night Club is at 16.55 ppm, it means that CO concentration in the air exceeds the threshold limit values (TLVs) of CO in indoor air. The levels of COHb in "FP" Surabaya Night Club employees' blood range from 2.35% to 11.55% with an average concentration at 7.57%, which means exceeding the biological exposure indeces (BEIs). Based on the statistical calculation using multiple regression, it is obtained p = 0.028 for the variable of age, p = 0.030 for the variable time of service, p = 0.000 for the variable smoking habits and p = 0.272 for the variable hours of work. Thus, the findings of the study indicate that only some factors give statistically significant influence on COHb levels in blood. Those are age, time of service and smoking habits. While working hour variable does not give significant influence towards COHb levels in blood. Based on explanation above, Night Club management is advised to provide more local exhaust or air conditioning system inside the club to dilute the CO contents which are produced by cigarette smoke. On the other hand, the employees who get carbon monoxide exposure are suggested to consume vitamin C and vitamin E as antioxidant that can reduce the toxic in their body. In addition, not only rolling and shift system should be made, but also regular health checks have to be performed towards the employee.

Item Type: Thesis (Thesis)
Additional Information: KKC KK TKM 07 / 11 Asr a
Uncontrolled Keywords: Risk factor analysis, Carbon monoxide levels in the air, COHb levels in blood, Night Club employees
Subjects: R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > RA1-1270 Public aspects of medicine > RA1-418.5 Medicine and the state > RA407-409.5 Health status indicators. Medical statistics and surveys
Divisions: 10. Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat > Keselamatan dan Kesehatan Kerja
Creators:
CreatorsEmail
MUHAMMAD ASRI, 090810541 MUNSPECIFIED
Contributors:
ContributionNameEmail
ContributorTri Martiana, Prof.,Dr.,dr.,MSUNSPECIFIED
ContributorMulyono, SKM.,M.KesUNSPECIFIED
Depositing User: Nn Anisa Septiyo Ningtias
Last Modified: 11 Jul 2016 07:40
URI: http://repository.unair.ac.id/id/eprint/37946
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