DAMPAK PERUBAHAN NILAI TUKAR RIIL TERHADAP INFLASI DAN PERTUMBUHAN EKONOMI DI INDONESIA (PERIODE 1990.1-1997.7 DAN 1997.8-2006.12)

LINA WIDIASTUTI, 040318229 (2009) DAMPAK PERUBAHAN NILAI TUKAR RIIL TERHADAP INFLASI DAN PERTUMBUHAN EKONOMI DI INDONESIA (PERIODE 1990.1-1997.7 DAN 1997.8-2006.12). Skripsi thesis, UNIVERSITAS AIRLANGGA.

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Abstract

Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis pengaruh perubahan nilai tukar riil terhadap laju inflasi dan pertumbuhan ekonomi di Indonesia dalam dua periode rezim nilai tukar yang berbeda, yaitu pada saat diterapkannya sistem nilai tukar mengambang terkendali (managed floating) periode 1990.1-1997.7 dan saat sistem nilai tukar mengambang bebas (free floating) periode 1997.8-2006.12 diterapkan di Indonesia. Variabel yang digunakan terdiri dari nilai tukar riil, tingkat laju inflasi, dan pertumbuhan PDB riil. Metode yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah model vector autoregression (VAR) yang kemudian diinterpretasikan melalui fungsi impulse response dan variance decomposition. Hasil penelitian ini menyimpulkan bahwa shock nilai tukar riil menyebabkan kontraksi pada pertumbuhan ekonomi baik pada saat managed floating maupun free floating. Selain itu, dampak shock nilai tukar riil secara akumulasi memberikan kontribusi yang lebih besar terhadap laju inflasi pada saat free floating dibandingkan saat managed floating. Hal ini karena pada saat free floating nilai tukar dibiarkan bergerak sesuai dengan kekuatan permintaan dan penawaran yang terjadi di pasar, sehingga gejolak nilai tukar dalam sistem nilai tukar yang semakin fleksibel tidak dapat dihindari. Translation: The objective of this research are to analyse effects of the change of real exchange rate on inflation and economic growth in Indonesia within two different exchange rate period regime that is the implementation of managed floating exchange rate system period 1990.1-1997.7 and free floating exchange rate system period 1997.8-2006.12 was applied in Indonesia. There are three variables that will be estimated in this research, that is real exchange rate, inflation rate and growth of real GDP. The method which used in this research is vector autoregression model (VAR) which interpreted into impulse response function and variance decomposition. This research conclude that shock of real exchange rate caused contraction at economics growth at the time of managed floating and also free floating. Besides, the impact of accumulated real exchange rate giving larger contribution to inflation rate at the time of free floating to managed floating. This circumstances because at the time of free floating exchange rate let it mores according to the strength of supply and demand that occur in the market, so the exchange rate distortion in exchange rate system which flexible progressively cannot be avoidable.

Item Type: Thesis (Skripsi)
Additional Information: KKB KK-2 C.34/08 Wid d
Uncontrolled Keywords: INFLATION (FINANCE); ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HJ Public Finance > HJ9-9940 Public finance > HJ2240-5908 Revenue. Taxation. Internal revenue > HJ2351 Inflation and taxation
K Law > K Law (General) > K1-7720 Law in general. Comparative and uniform law. Jurisprudence > K(520)-5582 Comparative law. International uniform law > K3820-3836 Economic constitution, policy, planning, and development
Divisions: 04. Fakultas Ekonomi dan Bisnis > Ekonomi Pembangunan
Creators:
CreatorsEmail
LINA WIDIASTUTI, 040318229UNSPECIFIED
Contributors:
ContributionNameEmail
ContributorEdy Juwono Slamet, Drs. Ec. H., MAUNSPECIFIED
Depositing User: Nn Luluk Lusiana
Date Deposited: 06 Jan 2009 12:00
Last Modified: 14 Jun 2017 17:36
URI: http://repository.unair.ac.id/id/eprint/5107
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