In Vitro Antimalarial Activity Screening of Several Indonesian Plants Using HRP2 Assay

ACHMAD, FUAD HAFID and ATY, WIDYAWARUYANTI and ARANNYA, PUSPITA DEVI and NIKE, FATRIA and LIDYA, TUMEWU and INDAH, S TANTULAR (2014) In Vitro Antimalarial Activity Screening of Several Indonesian Plants Using HRP2 Assay. International Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Science, 6. pp. 125-128. ISSN 0975 - 1491

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Abstract

Objective: Antimalarial drug resistance has emerged as one of the greatest challenges facing malaria disease control today. The spread of drug resistance and the limitation number of effective drugs for treatment indicated important to find a new antimalarial drugs. The aim of this study was to determine antimalarial activity several Indonesia plants. Methods: Twenty leaves and stems of plants which were obtained from exploration from Alas Purwo National Park, East Java, Indonesia, were extracted with ethanol 80% by “maceration technique assisted ultrasonic”. These 20 extracts were tested for in vitro antimalarial activity againt P. falciparum 3D7 strain (chloroquine-sensitive), using the histidine-rich protein II (HRP2) assay. Results: Two leaves extracts were active as an antimalarial, Garuga floribunda leaves (GFL) and Alectryon serratus leaves (ASL) with the value of IC50 <14.8µg/mL and between 15.5-30.9 µg/mL respectively. These extracts contained rich chemical substances that considered for the antimalarial activity, such as terpenoids, polyphenol, flavonoids, and anthraquinone. Conclusion: GFL and ASL were active as an antimalarial and potential to be developed as a new antimalarial drug.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Antimalarial activity, Plasmodium falciparum, Indonesia plants, HRP2 in vitro antimalarial assay.
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General) > R5-920 Medicine (General)
R Medicine > RS Pharmacy and materia medica > RS1-441 Pharmacy and materia medica
Divisions: 05. Fakultas Farmasi > Farmakognosi Fitokimia
Creators:
CreatorsNIM/NIDN
ACHMAD, FUAD HAFIDachmadfuad@ff.unair.ac.id
ATY, WIDYAWARUYANTIaty-w@ff.unair.ac.id
ARANNYA, PUSPITA DEVIUNSPECIFIED
NIKE, FATRIAUNSPECIFIED
LIDYA, TUMEWUUNSPECIFIED
INDAH, S TANTULARUNSPECIFIED
Depositing User: Mr M. Fuad Sofyan
Date Deposited: 08 May 2017 21:28
Last Modified: 08 May 2017 21:28
URI: http://repository.unair.ac.id/id/eprint/56542
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