SPILANTHES ACMELLA AND PHYSICAL EXERCISE INCREASED TESTOSTERONE LEVELS AND OSTEOBLAST CELLS IN GLUCOCORTICOID - INDUCED OSTEOPOROSIS MALE MICE

Laswati Putra, Hening and Subadi, Imam and Widyowati, Retno and Mangestuti Agil and Alex Pangkahila, Jahya (2015) SPILANTHES ACMELLA AND PHYSICAL EXERCISE INCREASED TESTOSTERONE LEVELS AND OSTEOBLAST CELLS IN GLUCOCORTICOID - INDUCED OSTEOPOROSIS MALE MICE. Bali Medical Journal, 4 (2). pp. 76-81. ISSN 2302-2914/2302-2914

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Official URL: http://www.balimedicaljournal.org/index.php/bmj/ar...

Abstract

Background: Glucocorticoid-induced osteoporosis is leading cause of secondary osteoporosis by decreasing formation activity and increasing resorption activity. Spilanthes acmella, is one of Indonesia medicinal plants that contain of polyphenol and flavonoids. Previously in vitro study showed that buthanol and water fraction from this plant have increased alkaline phosphatase that known as marker of bone formation. The objective of this study to analyze the effect of Spilanthes acmella and physical exercise in increasing testosterone and osteoblast cells of femoral’s trabecular glucocorticoid-induced osteoporosis male mice. Method: This study using a posttest control group design, 36 male healthy mice (5 months old) were randomizely devided into 6 groups, there are : 1.Healthy control group (without induction dexamethaxone), 2.Osteoporosis groups (induction with dexamethaxone without treatment), 3.Positive control receive suspension alendronat, 4.70% Ethanol extract of Spilanthes acmella group, 5.Combination group of 70% extract ethanol of Spilanthes acmella and exercise, and 6.Exercise group (walking using mice treadmill 10m/minute, 5-12 minutes 3 times a week). All of the intervention were given for 4 weeks. The serum levels of testosterone were determined using immunoserology (ELISA) and osteoblast cells were determined histomorphometry by light microscopy. All statistical test were carried out using SPSS 23 and statistical significance was set at p<0.05 for all analysis. The testosterone levels between group were compared using MannWhitney test and osteoblast cells between group were compared with multiple comparison. Results: It showed that the alendronate group, combination group and the exercise group increasing testosterone level (p<0.05) from that osteoporotic group. There were also increasing osteoblast cells (p<0.05) in the alendronate group and combination group. There was no correlation between testosterone level and osteoblast cells (p>0.05). Conclusion: It proved that 70% ethanol extract of Spilanthes acmella have an additive effect to weight bearing exercise in glucocorticoid-induced osteoporosis male mice.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Glucocorticoid; Induced; Osteoporosis; Spilanthes acmella; Testosterone
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General) > R735-854 Medical education. Medical schools. Research
Divisions: 01. Fakultas Kedokteran > Ilmu Fisik & Rehab
Creators:
CreatorsNIM/NIDN
Laswati Putra, Heninglputra04@yahoo.com
Subadi, ImamUNSPECIFIED
Widyowati, RetnoUNSPECIFIED
Mangestuti AgilUNSPECIFIED
Alex Pangkahila, JahyaUNSPECIFIED
Depositing User: Bayu Yulianti
Date Deposited: 07 May 2017 18:01
Last Modified: 07 May 2017 18:01
URI: http://repository.unair.ac.id/id/eprint/56834
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