CT virtual intravascular endoscopy assessment of coronary artery plaques: A preliminary study

Sun, Zhonghua and Dimpudus, Franky Jacobus and Johanes Nugroho and Daniel Adi, Jeffrey (2010) CT virtual intravascular endoscopy assessment of coronary artery plaques: A preliminary study. European Journal of Radiology, 75 (1). pp. 112-119. ISSN doi: 10.1016/j.ejrad.2009.09.007

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Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate the potential value of CT virtual intravascular endoscopy(VIE)inthevisualizationandassessmentofcoronaryplaquesinpatientssuspectedofcoronary artery disease. Materials and methods: 20 (13 men, 7 women, mean age 54 years) consecutive patients with suspected coronary artery disease undergoing 64-slice CT angiography were included in the study. Four main coro- nary artery branches were assessed with regard to the presence of coronary plaques based on 2D axial, multiplanar reformation, 3D volume rendering and VIE visualizations. The coronary plaques were char- acterized into calcified, noncalcified and mixed plaques. The intraluminal appearances of these coronary plaques were demonstrated with VIE images and correlated with 2D and 3D images to determine the diagnostic value of VIE for the assessment of the plaques. Results: VIE was able to identify and demonstrate the intraluminal appearances of coronary plaques in 18 patients involving 32 coronary artery branches which were shown as an irregularly intraluminal pro- truding sign in extensively calcified plaques and smooth protruding appearance in noncalcified or focally calcified plaques. An irregular intraluminal appearance was also noticed in the presence of mixed plaques due to variable components with different CT attenuations contained within the plaques. VIE accurately confirmed the degree of coronary stenosis or occlusion despite the presence of heavy calcification. Conclusion: VIE could be used as a complementary tool to conventional CT visualizations for the analysis of luminal changes and assessment of disease extent caused by the coronary plaques

Item Type: Article
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General) > R735-854 Medical education. Medical schools. Research
Divisions: 01. Fakultas Kedokteran > Ilmu Penyakit Jantung
Dimpudus, Franky JacobusUNSPECIFIED
Johanes NugrohoUNSPECIFIED
Daniel Adi, JeffreyUNSPECIFIED
Depositing User: Bayu Yulianti
Date Deposited: 10 Sep 2017 18:54
Last Modified: 10 Sep 2017 20:38
URI: http://repository.unair.ac.id/id/eprint/61353
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