Perceived parenting style and mother’s behavior in maintaining dental health of children with Down syndrome

Siti Fitria, Ulfah and Darmawan, Setijanto and Taufan, Bramantoro (2016) Perceived parenting style and mother’s behavior in maintaining dental health of children with Down syndrome. Dental Jurnal (Majalah Kedokteran Gigi), 49 (4). pp. 206-212. ISSN 1978 - 3728

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Abstract

Background: The number of children with down syndrome in Surabaya has reached 924 children. Prevalence of gingivitis and dental caries (91% and 93.8%, respectively) occurs in children with down syndrome aged 6 to 20 years. Oral and dental health problems are found in children with down syndrome because they have physical and motoric limitation in maintaining oral and dental hygiene, thus require parental care from mother. Perceived parenting style includes responsiveness and demandingness. Perceived parenting is crucial for mother whose children have Down syndrome in order to guide their health behavior, particularly to maintain oral and dental health. Purpose: The study aimed to analyze correlation between perceived parenting style and mother’s behavior in maintaining dental health of children with Down syndrome. Method: This cross sectional analytical study involved 40 mothers of children aged 7-13 years with Down syndrome enrolled in Special Education Elementary Schools Surabaya and Association of Parents of Children with Down syndrome Surabaya. Data of perceived parenting style (responsiveness and demandingness) and mother’s behavior in maintaining dental health were obtained by questionnaire. Composition of each item in questionnaire of perceived parenting style and mother’s behavior in maintaining dental health of children with Down syndrome was passed through validity and reliability test. Data analysis was carried out using multiple linear regression correlation test. Result: This present study showed that perceived parenting style is significantly correlated with mother’s behavior in maintaining dental health of children with Down syndrome (R = 0.630, p = 0.000), with perceived parental responsiveness as a strong predictor. Mean score and standard deviation of perceived parental responsiveness and demandingness were 33.00±2.99 and 15.55±1.99, respectively. Conclusion: Perceived maternal parenting style in children with Down syndrome is closely related to mother’s behavior in maintaining dental health of children with Down syndrome. Keywords: perceived parental responsiveness; perceived parental demandingness; dental health maintenance behavior; children with Down syndrome

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: perceived parental responsiveness; perceived parental demandingness; dental health maintenance behavior; children with Down syndrome
Subjects: R Medicine
R Medicine > RK Dentistry
Divisions: 02. Fakultas Kedokteran Gigi > Dental Public Health
Creators:
CreatorsNIM/NIDN
Siti Fitria, UlfahUNSPECIFIED
Darmawan, SetijantoUNSPECIFIED
Taufan, BramantoroUNSPECIFIED
Depositing User: Rudy Febiyanto
Date Deposited: 06 Feb 2018 21:04
Last Modified: 05 Jul 2018 23:36
URI: http://repository.unair.ac.id/id/eprint/69418
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