Effectiveness of Chlorogenic Acid Supplementation on VEGF Serum and Placental MAP Kinase Expression in Carbon Black- Exposed Pregnant Rattus norvegicus

Hendrawan, Viski Fitri and Wulansari, Desi and Oktanella, Yudit and Widjiati (2018) Effectiveness of Chlorogenic Acid Supplementation on VEGF Serum and Placental MAP Kinase Expression in Carbon Black- Exposed Pregnant Rattus norvegicus. Research Journal of Pharmacy and Technology, 11 (5). pp. 1-5. ISSN 0974-3618 / 0974-360X

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Abstract

The aim of this study was to determine the effect of chlorogenic acid on the decrease of placental apoptosis in pregnant Rattus norvegicus exposed to carbon black by observing the expression of Mitogen Activating Protein Kinase (MAP Kinase) and Vascular Endhotel Growth Factor (VEGF) as indicators of apoptosis. This study was a laboratory experimental study, with five treatment groups and seven replications using female rats (Rattus norvegicus). The study was started by mating the female rats and exposing them to carbon black of 1064 mg/m3 for 8 hours. Then, for MAP Kinase expression examination, immunohistochemical staining was performed and VEGF measurements were done using ELISA. Administration of chlorogenic acid at a dose of 13.4 mg/kg body weight in pregnant rats exposed to carbon black resulted in a decrease of MAP Kinase expression in placenta compared with a positive control group not exposed to carbon black. Carbon black-exposed pregnant rats treated with chlorogenic acid at a dose of 13.4 mg/kg BW showed increased VEGF levels compared with a positive control group not exposed to carbon black. In conclusion, the administration of chlorogenic acid may decrease MAP Kinase and increase VEGF levels. KEYWORDS: Carbon black; MAP Kinase; VEGF; Rattus norvegicus

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Carbon black; MAP Kinase; VEGF; Rattus norvegicus
Subjects: S Agriculture > SF Animal culture > SF600-1100 Veterinary medicine
Divisions: 06. Fakultas Kedokteran Hewan > Anatomi Veteriner
Creators:
CreatorsNIM/NIDN
Hendrawan, Viski FitriUNSPECIFIED
Wulansari, DesiUNSPECIFIED
Oktanella, YuditUNSPECIFIED
WidjiatiUNSPECIFIED
Depositing User: Nn Erna Dwi Indriyani
Date Deposited: 03 Oct 2018 15:00
Last Modified: 03 Oct 2018 15:00
URI: http://repository.unair.ac.id/id/eprint/74243
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