PROFILE OF PATIENTS WITH TINEA CAPITIS IN DIVISI MIKOLOGI UNIT RAWAT JALAN RSUD DR. SOETOMO SURABAYA IN 2014 – 2016

Siti Amira Venitarani, NIM011411133034 (2018) PROFILE OF PATIENTS WITH TINEA CAPITIS IN DIVISI MIKOLOGI UNIT RAWAT JALAN RSUD DR. SOETOMO SURABAYA IN 2014 – 2016. Skripsi thesis, Universitas Airlangga.

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Abstract

Tinea capitis, or ringworm of the scalp, is a superficial fungal infection of the scalp and hair shaft. The disease is primarily caused by dermatophytes in the Trichophyton and Microsporum genera which invade and multiply in the scalp and hair shaft.1-3 The epidemiology of tinea capitis varies within different geographical areas throughout the world but is endemic to tropical regions as the growth of dermatophyte is facilitated by warm and humid climate.4 Tinea capitis occurs frequently in general population and an increase in its incidence has been distinguished over the last few decades.9 This study aims to evaluate the incidence and profile of tinea capitis among patients of Divisi Mikologi Unit Rawat Jalan Kesehatan Kulit dan Kelamin RSUD Dr. Soetomo. If not diagnosed and treated properly, tinea capitis might reach epidemic proportions in the near future. This study was a descriptive retrospective study which observed number of cases, initial data, history taking, physical examination, additional examination, management, and follow-up of tinea capitis cases. This study used total sampling with a population of all patients with the diagnosis of tinea capitis in Divisi Mikologi Unit Rawat Jalan Kesehatan Kulit dan Kelamin RSUD Dr. Soetomo Surabaya in 2014-2016 . There were 42 tinea capitis new cases out of 1,757 new cases in Divisi Mikologi Unit Rawat Jalan RSUD Dr. Soetomo in 2014-2016. There were 15 tinea capitis new cases in 2014, 11 in 2015, and 16 in 2016. From the study, it was found that the most prevalent age group was 5-14 years old (69%) and the most common gender was male (59.5%). The most common main complaint were itching (83.3%) and the most frequent predisposing factor was cat exposure (69%). Physical examination data revealed squama (85.7%) as the most prevalent efflorescence. KOH examination data showed that 57.1% patients were arthrospore positive and 66.7% were positive in Wood lamp examination. Culture was done among 24 patients with positive result of 52.4% and Microsporum canis (54.2%) as the most prevalent dermatophytes. It was found that 33.3% were diagnosed with grey patch type tinea capitis. The most common treatment given was oral griseofulvin (90.5%). Follow-ups were done to all patients but only 64.3% who visited back for follow-ups. The research result concludes that there was decreasing number of tinea capitis new cases from 2014 to 2015 due to the operation of BPJS. However, tinea capitis new cases still increased every year in percentage.

Item Type: Thesis (Skripsi)
Additional Information: KK KKA FK. PD. 32/18 Ven p
Uncontrolled Keywords: tinea capitis, profile of tinea capitis, prepuberty, descriptive retrospective study
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General) > R735-854 Medical education. Medical schools. Research
Divisions: 01. Fakultas Kedokteran
Creators:
CreatorsNIM/NIDN
Siti Amira Venitarani, NIM011411133034NIM011411133034
Contributors:
ContributionNameNIDN/NIDK/NUP
ContributorEvy Ervianti, dr., Sp.KK(K), FINS-DV, FAA-DVUNSPECIFIED
Depositing User: Unnamed user with email dewi@lib.unair.ac.id
Date Deposited: 06 Dec 2018 10:49
Last Modified: 11 Dec 2018 09:01
URI: http://repository.unair.ac.id/id/eprint/76232
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