Household Food Insecurity as a Predictor of Stunted Children and Overweight/Obese Mothers (SCOWT) in Urban Indonesia

Mahmudiono, Trias and Nindya, Triska Susila and Andrias, Dini Ririn and Megatsari, Hario and Rosenkranz, Richard R. (2018) Household Food Insecurity as a Predictor of Stunted Children and Overweight/Obese Mothers (SCOWT) in Urban Indonesia. nutrients, 10 (5). ISSN 2072-6643

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Official URL: http:/www.mdpi.com/journal/nutrients

Abstract

Background: The double burden of malnutrition has been increasing in countries experiencing the nutrition transition. This study aimed to determine the relationship between household food insecurity and the double burden of malnutrition, defined as within-household stunted child and an overweight/obese mother (SCOWT). (2)Methods: A cross-sectional survey was conducted in the urban city of Surabaya, Indonesia in April andMay 2015. (3) Results: The prevalence of child stunting in urban Surabaya was 36.4%, maternal overweight/obesity was 70.2%, and SCOWT was 24.7%. Although many households were food secure (42%), there were high proportions of mild (22.9%), moderate (15.3%) and severe (19.7%) food insecurity. In a multivariate logistic regression, the household food insecurity access scale (HFIAS) category significantly correlated with child stunting and SCOWT. Compared to food secure households, mildly food insecure households had the greatest odds of SCOWT (adjusted odds ratio (aOR) = 2.789; 95% confidence interval (CI) = 1.540–5.083), followed by moderately food insecure (aOR = 2.530; 95% CI = 1.286–4.980) and severely food insecure households (aOR = 2.045; 95%CI = 1.087–3.848). (4) Conclusions: These results support the hypothesis that the double burden of malnutrition is related to food insecurity, and the HFIAS category is a predictor of SCOWT.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: food security; HFIAS; double burden of malnutrition; child stunting; Indonesia
Subjects: R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > RA1-1270 Public aspects of medicine > RA421-790.95 Public health. Hygiene. Preventive medicine
R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > RA1-1270 Public aspects of medicine > RA421-790.95 Public health. Hygiene. Preventive medicine > RA601-602 Food and food supply in relation to public health
Divisions: 10. Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat
Creators:
CreatorsNIM/NIDN
Mahmudiono, TriasUNSPECIFIED
Nindya, Triska SusilaUNSPECIFIED
Andrias, Dini RirinUNSPECIFIED
Megatsari, HarioUNSPECIFIED
Rosenkranz, Richard R.UNSPECIFIED
Depositing User: Tn Chusnul Chuluq
Date Deposited: 22 May 2019 06:28
Last Modified: 22 May 2019 06:28
URI: http://repository.unair.ac.id/id/eprint/82528
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