Effect of Topical Epigallocatechin-Gallate on Lipopolysaccharide-induced Pulpal Inflammation in Rat Models

Kun Ismiyatin, NIDN. 0002046001 and Soegeng Wahluyo, NIDN. 0010115405 and Djoko Agus Purwanto, NIDN. 0008055906 and Retno Pudji Rahayu and Adioro Soetojo, NIDN0010085102 and Indri Safitri Mukono, NIDN. 0014065303 (2011) Effect of Topical Epigallocatechin-Gallate on Lipopolysaccharide-induced Pulpal Inflammation in Rat Models. Iranian Endodontic Journal, 13 (4). pp. 528-533. ISSN 2008-2746

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Abstract

Introduction: Pulpal inflammation can be marked by an increase in tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF- α), malondialdehyde (MDA) and calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) level. Epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG) demonstrates the ability to reduce cytokine expression, influence immune receptors, reduce inflammation, neutralize reactive oxygen species (ROS) and to inhibit pain conduction. The present research aimed to determine the anti-inflammatory, antioxidant and pain conduction inhibition of topical EGCG hydrogels in Lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced pulpal inflammation in rats. Methods and Materials: A total of 28 male Wistar rats were divided equally into four groups. The negative control group (N) received no treatment, while the positive control group (C) and the other two treatment groups (T1, T2) were induced with LPS for 6 h, followed by the application of topical polyethylene glycol (PEG) hydrogels for C group, 25 ppm EGCG hydrogels for T1 group and 75 ppm EGCG hydrogels for T2 group, before being filled with glass ionomer cement (GIC). After 24 h, PEG and EGCG were reapplied and refilled with GIC for 24 h. The pulp tissue samples were examined by means of immunohistochemistry (IHC) to identify TNF-α, MDA and CGRP expression. All the data obtained was analyzed with one-way analyses of variance (ANOVA) test. Results: The T1 and T2 groups showed a significant decrease in TNF-α and CGRP expression compared to the control group, but there was no significant decrease in MDA in either group (P<0.05). Conclusion: Based on the results of this study, topical application of 75 ppm EGCG hydrogels to the tooth cavities with six hours of pulpal inflammation has the optimal result in reducing the expression of TNF-α and CGRP, but not of MDA.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: R Medicine
R Medicine > RK Dentistry
Divisions: 02. Fakultas Kedokteran Gigi > Concervative
Creators:
CreatorsNIM/NIDN
Kun Ismiyatin, NIDN. 0002046001UNSPECIFIED
Soegeng Wahluyo, NIDN. 0010115405UNSPECIFIED
Djoko Agus Purwanto, NIDN. 0008055906UNSPECIFIED
Retno Pudji RahayuUNSPECIFIED
Adioro Soetojo, NIDN0010085102UNSPECIFIED
Indri Safitri Mukono, NIDN. 0014065303UNSPECIFIED
Depositing User: Rudy Febiyanto
Date Deposited: 23 Aug 2019 03:33
Last Modified: 23 Aug 2019 03:33
URI: http://repository.unair.ac.id/id/eprint/85737
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