An Overview of the Gingival Lead Line in Traffic Officers of Surabaya Capital City Police

Retno Palupi, NIDN. 0026107404 and NASTITI SARILAKSMI, 021111032 and Titiek Berniyanti, NIDN. 0020105802 and Ninuk Hariyani, 090710275 M and R. Darmawan Setijanto, NIDN. 0005106109 and Gilang Rasuna Sabdho Wening, NIDN. 0018088601 and Taufan Bramantoro, NIDN. 0022068403 and Agung Sosiawan, NIDN. 0011127110 (2017) An Overview of the Gingival Lead Line in Traffic Officers of Surabaya Capital City Police. In: Proceeding International Conference : The 7th International Meeting and The 4th Joint Scientific Meeting in Dentistry. SCITEPRESS – Science and Technology Publications, Surabaya, pp. 135-138. ISBN 978-989-758-34 1-4

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Abstract

Lead exposure in the air comes from the emissions of vehicles, which can damage human health. Exposure to lead will affect the brain, kidneys, and blood. The presence of lead in the body can be seen through a bluish pigmentation in the oral mucosa or gingival lead line. Traffic officers have a high risk of lead exposure which has been demonstrated by the result of previous studies where 96.67% of traffic officers had a gingival lead line. This study aimed to determine the gingival lead line in traffic officers in Surabaya Capital City Police. This study was an descriptive observational study with a cross-sectional approach. The samples in this study were 98 traffic officers, and it used a simple random sampling technique. Data was collected by conducting interviews, intraoral examination, and laboratory tests. All obtained data was analyzed using cross-tabulation and odd ratio measurement with the SPSS program. Gingival lead lines were classified into two categories, i.e. moderate and poor. A moderate gingival lead line was found in 38 respondents, and the remaining 60 were classified as a poor gingival lead line. The results of measurement of the odd ratio (OR) between the gingival lead line and smoking habit, as well as gingival lead line and blood lead level were 3.436 and 1.018, respectively. This showed that a smoking habit and blood lead level were risk factors for a gingival lead line. A gingival lead line was found more in traffic officers who smoked and had excessive blood lead levels.

Item Type: Book Section
Uncontrolled Keywords: Lead, Gingival Lead Line, Traffic Officer, Smoking Habit.
Subjects: R Medicine
R Medicine > RK Dentistry
Divisions: 02. Fakultas Kedokteran Gigi > Dental Public Health
Creators:
CreatorsNIM/NIDN
Retno Palupi, NIDN. 0026107404UNSPECIFIED
NASTITI SARILAKSMI, 021111032UNSPECIFIED
Titiek Berniyanti, NIDN. 0020105802UNSPECIFIED
Ninuk Hariyani, 090710275 MUNSPECIFIED
R. Darmawan Setijanto, NIDN. 0005106109UNSPECIFIED
Gilang Rasuna Sabdho Wening, NIDN. 0018088601UNSPECIFIED
Taufan Bramantoro, NIDN. 0022068403UNSPECIFIED
Agung Sosiawan, NIDN. 0011127110UNSPECIFIED
Depositing User: Rudy Febiyanto
Date Deposited: 19 Sep 2019 20:12
Last Modified: 19 Sep 2019 20:17
URI: http://repository.unair.ac.id/id/eprint/86927
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