The Effect of a combination of 12% spirulina and 20% chitosan on macrophage, PMN, and lymphocyte cell expressions in post extraction wound

Nike Hendrijantini, NIDN. 0006105908 and Rostiny, NIDN. 0020095402 and Mefina Kuntjoro, NIDN. 0029097905 and Kevin Young, Bunga Shafira and Yunita Pratiwi, 040318081 (2017) The Effect of a combination of 12% spirulina and 20% chitosan on macrophage, PMN, and lymphocyte cell expressions in post extraction wound. Dental Journal (Majalah Kedokteran Gigi), 50 (2). pp. 106-110. ISSN 1978-3728

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Official URL: https://e-journal.unair.ac.id/MKG/article/view/587...

Abstract

Background: Tooth extraction is the ultimate treatment option for defective teeth followed by the need for dentures. Inflammation is one phase of the healing process that should be minimized in order to preserve alveolar bone for denture support. Macrophage, PMN and lymphocyte cells are indicators of acute inflammation. Spirulina and chitosan are natural compounds with the potential to be anti-inflammatory agents. Purpose: This study aimed to determine macrophage, PMN and lymphocyte cells of animal models treated with a combination of 12% spirulina and 20% chitosan on the 1st, 2nd and 3rd post-extraction day. Methods: Animal models were randomly divided into control (K) and treatment (P) groups. Each group was further divided into three subgroups (KI, KII, KIII and PI, PII, PIII). The post-extraction sockets of the control group animals were then filled with CMC Na 3%. Meanwhile, the post-extraction sockets of the treatment group members were filled with a combination of 12% spirulina and 20% chitosan. Subsequently, the number of PMN, macrophage and lymphocyte cells was analyzed by means of HE analysis on the 1st, 2nd and 3rd days. Statistical analysis was then performed using a T-test. Results: There was a decrease in PMN cells and an increase in macrophage and lymphocyte cells on Days 1, 2 and 3. Conclusion: It can be concluded that a combination of 12% spirulina and 20% chitosan can not only decrease PMN cells, but can also increase macrophage and lymphocyte cells on day 1, 2 and 3 after tooth extraction.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: spirulina; chitosan; inflammation; PMN; macrophage; lymphocyte
Subjects: R Medicine
R Medicine > RK Dentistry
R Medicine > RK Dentistry > RK641-667 Prosthetic dentistry. Prosthodontics
Divisions: 02. Fakultas Kedokteran Gigi > Prosthodontics
Creators:
CreatorsNIM/NIDN
Nike Hendrijantini, NIDN. 0006105908UNSPECIFIED
Rostiny, NIDN. 0020095402UNSPECIFIED
Mefina Kuntjoro, NIDN. 0029097905UNSPECIFIED
Kevin Young, Bunga ShafiraUNSPECIFIED
Yunita Pratiwi, 040318081UNSPECIFIED
Depositing User: Rudy Febiyanto
Date Deposited: 25 Sep 2019 04:23
Last Modified: 25 Sep 2019 04:23
URI: http://repository.unair.ac.id/id/eprint/87254
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