Efficacy of Bacterial Photodynamic Inactivation with varying Angle and Time of LED Exposure

Suryani Dyah Astuti, NIDN. 0008046902 and Winda P. Lestari and Deny Arifianto and Anggraini Pertiwi and Irawan P. Buditomo and Nike D.G. Drantantiyas and Ernie Maduratna Setiawatie, NIDN. 0012026603 (2017) Efficacy of Bacterial Photodynamic Inactivation with varying Angle and Time of LED Exposure. In: Proceedings of 5th International Conference on Instrumentation, Communications, Information Technology, and Biomedical Engineering (ICICI-BME). ITB biomedical Engineering Research Group and ITB Theoretical High Energy Physics and Instrumetation Research Group, Bandung, pp. 21-25. ISBN 978-1-5386-3455-4

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Abstract—Streptococcus mutans (S. mutans) is a bacterium that plays a major role in the occurrence of dental caries. Dental caries is a disease that destroys tooth structure, consequently the tooth becomes perforated as well as the sustainable state of accumulation of S. mutans excess in the oral cavity can cause damage to the tooth nerve. One alternative treatment of caries is Photodynamic Inactivation (PDI). PDI is a method of microbial inactivation using light and photosensitizer (PS). The absorption of light energy by PS molecules can produce reactive oxygen species that will damage the bacterial cells. Clinical antimicrobial photodynamic therapy using a light source is generally performed at various angles of irradiation depending on the position of the tooth. The amis of this study is to analyze the effect of LED lamination angle (450.00 ± 0.21) nm for inactivation of S. mutans by adding PS chlorophylls of Moringa oliefera leaf with concentration 8 mg / ml. Total Plate Count (TPC) was used to determine the decreasement of bacterial viability in CFU / ml. The ANOVA test showed that the irradiation with variation of 90˚ exposure angle and 180s exposure time potentially inactivated was significantly different with other treatment variation (p <α = 0,05). The 90 LED illumination angle with 180 s LED time exposure to produce percentage decrease of bacterial colony (30.30 ± 4.23)% without PS chlorophyll and (46.74 ± 1.67)% with PS chlorophyll. So the angle and duration of exposure time of LED influence PDI efficacy.

Item Type: Book Section
Subjects: Q Science
Suryani Dyah Astuti, NIDN. 0008046902UNSPECIFIED
Anggraini PertiwiUNSPECIFIED
Irawan P. BuditomoUNSPECIFIED
Nike D.G. DrantantiyasUNSPECIFIED
Ernie Maduratna Setiawatie, NIDN. 0012026603UNSPECIFIED
Depositing User: Mr Vega Andi Budiman
Date Deposited: 04 Oct 2019 03:50
Last Modified: 04 Oct 2019 03:50
URI: http://repository.unair.ac.id/id/eprint/88174
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