Anti-glucan effects of propolis ethanol extract on Lactobacillus acidophillus

Ira Widjiastuti, NIDN. 0014056304 and Adioro Soetojo, NIDN0010085102 and Febriastuti Cahyani (2017) Anti-glucan effects of propolis ethanol extract on Lactobacillus acidophillus. Dental Journal (Majalah Kedokteran Gigi), 50 (1). pp. 28-31. ISSN 2460-0164

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Abstract

Background: In deep dentinal caries cases, bacteria mostly found are Lactobacillus acidophilus classified as gram positive bacteria and as facultative aerobes producing glucosyltransferase (GTF) enzyme. GTF enzyme can alter sucrose into glucans. Glucan is sticky and insoluble in water. As a result, GTF enzyme can facilitate plaque formation and microorganism colonization on tooth surface. In addition, Lactobacillus acidophilus also can form acid leading to demineralization of organic and inorganic materials, resulting in dental caries. Multidrug-resistant phenomena, on the other hand, have led to the use of natural resources, one of which is propolis as an antimicrobial material and as a new anti-infective therapeutic strategy. Propolis is a resinous substances collected by worker bees (Apismellifera) from barks and leaves of plants. Propolis has a complex chemical composition and biological properties, such as antibacterial, antiviral, antifungal, anti-inflammatory, and antitumor. Purpose: This research aimed to reveal anti-glucan effects of propolis ethanol extract generated from honey bee, Apis mellifera spp on Lactobacillus acidophilus bacteria. Method: Before anti-glucan test was conducted, glucan-formation test was performed on Lactobacillus acidophilus bacteria using SDSpage. Meanwhile, anti-glucan adhesion test on Lactobacillus acidophilus bacteria was carried by culturing the bacteria at 37ºC temperature in a jar with 10% CO2. Test tubes were placed at an angle of 30º for 18 hours to review the attachment of bacteria at the glass surfaces. After the incubation, the culture of bacteria was vibrated using a mixer vortex for a few minutes, and then cultured in solid MRS A media. Bacteria grown were measured by using colony counter. Result: The ethanol extract of propolis with a concentration of 1.56% was the lowest concentration inhibiting the attachment of glucan to Lactobacillus acidophilus bacteria. Conclusion: The ethanol extract of propolis with a concentration of 1.56% can be used as an anti-glucan material for Lactobacillus acidophilus bacteria.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: insoluble glucan; Lactobacillus acidophilus; propolis extract ethanol
Subjects: R Medicine
R Medicine > RK Dentistry
Divisions: 02. Fakultas Kedokteran Gigi > Concervative
Creators:
CreatorsNIM/NIDN
Ira Widjiastuti, NIDN. 0014056304UNSPECIFIED
Adioro Soetojo, NIDN0010085102UNSPECIFIED
Febriastuti CahyaniUNSPECIFIED
Depositing User: Rudy Febiyanto
Date Deposited: 07 Nov 2019 01:19
Last Modified: 07 Nov 2019 01:19
URI: http://repository.unair.ac.id/id/eprint/90053
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