Examination of Laboratory fo Monitoring Heparin Anticoagulant Therapy

Yetti Hernaningsih and Ersa Bayung Maulidan (2020) Examination of Laboratory fo Monitoring Heparin Anticoagulant Therapy. In: Anticoagulation Drugs: the Current State of the Art. intechopen, pp. 1-20. ISBN 978-1-78985-076-5

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Abstract

Heparin-derivative anticoagulants include unfractionated heparin (UFH), low molecular weight heparin (LMWH), pentasaccharide (fondaparinux), and ultramolecular weight heparin (ULMWH). Heparin contains an active pentasaccharide sequence that binds to antithrombin (AT). This bond produces conformational changes that accelerate its binding with AT and inactivation of coagulation factors XIIa, XIa, Xa, and IXa and thrombin (IIa). Thrombin and factor Xa are the most sensitive to inhibition by the heparin-AT complex, and the strength of inhibiting thrombin is ten times more sensitive than factor Xa. the UFH anticoagulant response is monitored using activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT), a measurement that is sensitive to inhibiion of thrombin and factor Xa. Protamine titration examination is the standard for measuring UFH concentrations in plasma. recommendations from the American College of Chest Physicians (ACCP) suggest that the APTT target range for the UFH therapy is equivalent to 0.2-0.4 IU/mL with protamine titration or 0.35-0.7 IU/mL with an anti-Xa examination. A new examinayion is thrombodynamics (TD), measuring the level of development of clots. This method is considered most able to mimic the coagulation process that occurs in vivo compared to other examinations.

Item Type: Book Section
Uncontrolled Keywords: heparin, anticoagulant, PPT, APTT, anti-Xa, protamine, thrombodynamics
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
R Medicine > RB Pathology
Divisions: 01. Fakultas Kedokteran > Patologi Klinik
Creators:
CreatorsNIM
Yetti HernaningsihNIDN0020127307
Ersa Bayung MaulidanUNSPECIFIED
Depositing User: hanif kurniawan
Date Deposited: 07 Sep 2020 06:35
Last Modified: 07 Sep 2020 06:35
URI: http://repository.unair.ac.id/id/eprint/95413
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