Children with Special Needs: Psychiatric Perspective

Yunias Setiawati (2016) Children with Special Needs: Psychiatric Perspective. In: The Book of Pediatric Neuro-developmental: Analyze overcome pediatric neuro-developmental problem in novel perspective view. Departemen Ilmu Kesehatan Anak Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya, pp. 117-127. ISBN 978-602-8504-84-3

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Every child his or her parents hope, scine during pregnancy until they become adults. Children with special needs require special attention from their parents because lack of parents knowledge and the stigma or even rejection from environment can lead to inferiority and social isolation which can cause many mental dan emotional disorder in childhood and also cause treatment delay in early childhood. Kubler-Ross in one of her book titled Death and Dying said that there are many reactions or responses coming out from parents due to their child's condition or disability. Those responses include denial, angry, bargaining, depression, and acceptance, but other literature mentioned that parents responses are vary depend on how well the parents understood about and on the severity of their child's condition. Ulrich and Bauer (20030 propose 4 levels of parents adjusment about their childs disability, which are the ostrich phase, special designation, normalization, self-actualization. Many treatment had been done to children with special needs, but the focus were just about physical health and intelligence improvement, such as prevention and treatment of disease, and nutritional improvement, while there are only a few interest on eeforts to improve mental development nowdays. Parents role are very helpful in childrens development. These are the most common child problem/disorder found in RSUD Dr. Soetomo Psychiatric day care: childhood autism, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, mental retardation, conduct disorder, learning disorder, mental organic illness with mental disorder comorbidity. Treatments in day care include pharmacotherapy, behavioral modification, play therapy, remedial teaching, and integrated inter discipliner treatment. Integrated treatment in a mental health team, that appropriate with childs impairment is very needed.

Item Type: Book Section
Uncontrolled Keywords: children with special needs, nurturing factor, psychiatric aspects, mental health team
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
R Medicine > RZ Other systems of medicine
Divisions: 01. Fakultas Kedokteran > Ilmu Kedokteran Jiwa
Yunias SetiawatiNIDN8837800016
Depositing User: arys fk
Date Deposited: 21 May 2021 05:42
Last Modified: 21 May 2021 05:42
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