The Roles of IL-17, IL-21, and IL-23 in the Helicobacter pylori Infection and Gastrointestinal Inflammation: A Review

Astri Dewayani, - and Kartika Afrida Fauzia, - and Ricky Indra Alfaray, - and Langgeng Agung Waskito, - and Dalla Doohan, - and Yudith Annisa Ayu Rezkitha, - and Abdurachman, - and Takashi Kobayashi, - and Reny I'tishom, - and Yoshio Yamaoka, - and Muhammad Miftahussurur, - (2021) The Roles of IL-17, IL-21, and IL-23 in the Helicobacter pylori Infection and Gastrointestinal Inflammation: A Review. Toxins, 13 (5). pp. 1-19. ISSN 1424-8247

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Although millions of people have been infected by Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori), only a small proportion of infected individuals will develop adverse outcomes, ranging from chronic gastritis to gastric cancer. Advanced development of the disease has been well-linked with chronic inflammation, which is significantly impacted by the adaptive and humoral immunity response. From the perspective of cellular immunity, this review aims to clarify the intricate axis between IL-17, IL-21, and IL-23 in H. pylori-related diseases and the pathogenesis of inflammatory gastrointestinal diseases. CD4+ helper T (Th)-17 cells, with the hallmark pleiotropic cytokine IL-17, can affect antimicrobial activity and the pathogenic immune response in the gut environment. These circumstances cannot be separated, as the existence of affiliated cytokines, including IL-21 and IL-23, help maintain Th17 and accommodate humoral immune cells. Comprehensive understanding of the dynamic interaction between molecular host responses in H. pylori-related diseases and the inflammation process may facilitate further development of immune-based therapy.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: CD4 T cell, Helicobacter pylori, gastrointestinal, cancer, T helper-17, adaptive immunity, inflammation
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
R Medicine > RC Internal medicine
Divisions: 01. Fakultas Kedokteran > Ilmu Penyakit Dalam
Astri Dewayani, -UNSPECIFIED
Kartika Afrida Fauzia, -UNSPECIFIED
Ricky Indra Alfaray, -UNSPECIFIED
Langgeng Agung Waskito, -UNSPECIFIED
Dalla Doohan, -UNSPECIFIED
Yudith Annisa Ayu Rezkitha, -UNSPECIFIED
Abdurachman, -NIDN0011096602
Takashi Kobayashi, -UNSPECIFIED
Reny I'tishom, -NIDN0023107105
Yoshio Yamaoka, -UNSPECIFIED
Muhammad Miftahussurur, -NIDN0029097909
Depositing User: arys fk
Date Deposited: 12 Jul 2021 02:52
Last Modified: 27 Jul 2022 08:11
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