Highlighting of Urinary Sodium and Potassium among Indonesian Schoolchildren Aged 9–12 Years: The Contribution of School Food

Farapti, - and Muji Sulistyowati, - and Kurnia Dwi Artanti, - and Stefania Widya Setyaningtyas, - and Sri Sumarmi, - and Bibit Mulyana, - (2019) Highlighting of Urinary Sodium and Potassium among Indonesian Schoolchildren Aged 9–12 Years: The Contribution of School Food. Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism, 2019. pp. 1-9. ISSN 20900732

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Official URL: https://www.hindawi.com/journals/jnme/


Background. Sodium (Na) and potassium (K), the essential nutrients, have vital role in promoting cellular growth including growth and development of children. Excessive Na intake and inadequate K consumption, which consequently increases the risk of cardiovascular disease, have been reported. Spot electrolyte urine was highly correlated and validated with gold standard to estimate electrolyte dietary intake. &is study aimed at predicting sodium and potassium intake using morning spot urine among Indonesian schoolchildren. Methods. A cross-sectional study was carried out in 155 healthy elementary students aged 9–12 years. Spot urine samples were collected and analyzed for Na, K, and creatinine. Predicted 24 h Na and K excretions were compared to the Indonesian recommendation dietary allowances. &e Na and K contribution from school food was reported by observing directly and the dietary recall method. Results. A total of 80 boys and 75 girls recruited as samples in this study demonstrated that their estimated urinary Na and K were 105.42± 66.05 mmol/day and 16.39± 12.57 mmol/day, respectively. Na intake was on average higher than recommended; meanwhile, almost all subjects showed very low compliance of K intake recommendation. Furthermore, food intake at school contributed to those conditions. Na and K content of school food contributed 33% and 29% of the daily intake of each nutrient and contributed 125% and 25% higher than the Na and K school standard, respectively.Conclusions. Indonesian schoolchildren aged 9–12 years are categorized by excessive Na intake and very deficient K intake. &e present study highlights the need for policies in the environmental school setting to reduce Na intake and K intake.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > RA1-1270 Public aspects of medicine > RA421-790.95 Public health. Hygiene. Preventive medicine > RA601-602 Food and food supply in relation to public health
Divisions: 10. Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat > Program Studi Gizi
Farapti, -NIDN0014048105
Muji Sulistyowati, -NIDN0015117301
Kurnia Dwi Artanti, -NIDN0011048205
Stefania Widya Setyaningtyas, --
Sri Sumarmi, -NIDN0025066809
Bibit Mulyana, --
Depositing User: Tn Chusnul Chuluq
Date Deposited: 02 Nov 2021 08:09
Last Modified: 06 Jul 2022 08:33
URI: http://repository.unair.ac.id/id/eprint/111673
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