To reperfuse or not to reperfuse: a case report of Wellens’ syndrome with suspected COVID-19 infection

I Gde Rurus Suryawan, - and Jordan Bakhriansyah, - and Mia Puspitasari, - and Parama Gandi, - and Ryan Enast Intan, - and Firas Farisi Alkaff, - (2020) To reperfuse or not to reperfuse: a case report of Wellens’ syndrome with suspected COVID-19 infection. The Egyptian Heart Journal, 72 (58). pp. 1-6. ISSN 11102608

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Background Wellens’ syndrome is known to be associated with left anterior descending artery occlusion that could lead to an extensive anterior wall myocardial infarction. Thus, emergency cardiac catheterization is needed. However, during coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, it is recommended for hemodynamically stable acute coronary syndrome patients with COVID-19 infection to be treated conservatively in an isolated hospital ward. Case presentation We report an 85-year-old patient with chief complaints of typical, squeezing chest pain in the past 4 h. The patient had a high fever, dyspnea, sore throat, and fatigue for 3 days. He had previously come into contact with COVID-19 positive relatives. The patient was hemodynamically stable and pulmonary auscultation revealed coarse rales in the entire lung. Electrocardiography (ECG) evaluation during the pain episode showed non-specific ST-T changes in lead V2-V5. After sublingual nitrate was administered, ECG evaluation during the pain-free period revealed a biphasic T wave inversion in lead V2 and V3. Laboratory workup showed elevated cardiac marker and leucopenia with neutrophilia and lymphopenia. Rapid immunochromatographic test and initial severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) evaluation from nasopharyngeal swab showed negative results. However, radiographic evaluations suggest the diagnosis of COVID-19 infection. While waiting for the second RT-PCR evaluation, the patient was diagnosed with Wellens’ syndrome with suspected COVID-19 infection. The patient was treated conservatively according to national guidelines and scheduled for elective cardiac catheterization. On the third day, the patient felt better and insisted on being discharged home. Ten days after discharged, the patient died of myocardial infarction. Conclusion Emergency cardiac catheterization should be done for patient with Wellens’ syndrome, regardless of the COVID-19 infection status.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Cardiac catheterization, Case reports, COVID-19, Myocardial infarctions
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC666-701 Diseases of the circulatory (Cardiovascular) system
Divisions: 01. Fakultas Kedokteran > Ilmu Kardiologi Dan Kedokteran Vaskular (Spesialis)
I Gde Rurus Suryawan, -NIDN8816820016
Jordan Bakhriansyah, -UNSPECIFIED
Mia Puspitasari, -UNSPECIFIED
Parama Gandi, -UNSPECIFIED
Ryan Enast Intan, -UNSPECIFIED
Firas Farisi Alkaff, -UNSPECIFIED
Depositing User: arys fk
Date Deposited: 16 Feb 2022 08:16
Last Modified: 16 Feb 2022 08:16
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