Profile and Lifestyle of Hypertensive Patients, Cardiovascular Comorbidity , and Complications in a Primary Health Center in Surabaya, Indonesia

Sulistiawati, - and Linda Dewanti, - and Adikara Pagan Pratama, - and Atika, - and Widati Fatmaningrum, - and Djohar Nuswantoro, - and Tan Nicko Octora, - and Dyah Ayu Pradnyaparamitha, - and Fahmi Aulia Rizqi, - (2020) Profile and Lifestyle of Hypertensive Patients, Cardiovascular Comorbidity , and Complications in a Primary Health Center in Surabaya, Indonesia. Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences, 8 (E). pp. 219-223. ISSN 1857-9655

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BACKGROUND: Hypertension prevalence which increased in the last two decades in Indonesia depleted national expenditure. The government responded through many programs in educating the community and improving the primary health center (PHC). The engagement of patients and doctor’s role in PHC was very important in managing the disease. Patient’s lifestyles, comorbid, and the role of PHC, such as in early detection, examination, drug administration, and education, as well as screening for the complication, needs to be evaluated. AIMS: This study aimed to analyze the profile and lifestyle of hypertensive patients and health services in PHC as one of the catastrophic diseases in Indonesia. MATERIALS AND METHODS : This was a cross-sectional study design with total sampling. The study was held in one of the PHC in Surabaya from May 2018 until August 2018. The s ample size was 104. Data were collected using questionnaires, physical, and laboratory examinations as well as secondary data from the medical record. The statistical analysis was performed at a significance p < 0.005 using the Chi-square test. RESULTS: The majority were women with age >60 years and two-thirds of all hypertensive cases had uncontrolled blood pressure (69.2%). Laboratory results showed abnormalities: Dyslipidemia (50.5%), high fasting blood sugar (38.6%), and high uric acid (10.1%). Nearly one-third of patients (27.9%) already had abnormalities in the electrocardiography (ECG) since the procedure been done rarely. Contrarily, most of them committed to a healthy diet and taking the medication regularly in line with doctor’s education when they visit PHC. Regarding exercise, most of them stated not to do it regularly. CONCLUSION: The majority of the hypertensive patients had uncontrolled blood pressure and unhealthy lifestyle worsening the disease.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: hypertension, examination, treatment, primary health care
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine
Divisions: 01. Fakultas Kedokteran > Ilmu Kesehatan Masyarakat
Sulistiawati, -NIDN0028026503
Linda Dewanti, -NIDN0027126705
Adikara Pagan Pratama, -UNSPECIFIED
Atika, -NIDN0009027002
Widati Fatmaningrum, -NIDN0008016604
Djohar Nuswantoro, -UNSPECIFIED
Tan Nicko Octora, -UNSPECIFIED
Dyah Ayu Pradnyaparamitha, -UNSPECIFIED
Fahmi Aulia Rizqi, -UNSPECIFIED
Depositing User: arys fk
Date Deposited: 11 Mar 2022 07:51
Last Modified: 03 Jan 2024 06:35
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