Prenatal and postnatal factors related to the incidence of stunting in the coastal area Surabaya, Indonesia

Ilya Krisnana, - and Ni Made Widiani, - and Sulistiawati, - (2020) Prenatal and postnatal factors related to the incidence of stunting in the coastal area Surabaya, Indonesia. Sri Lanka Journal of Child Health, 49 (3). pp. 223-229. ISSN 2386-110X

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Objectives: To assess the prenatal and postnatal factors associated with the incidence of stunting in 6-24 month old children in the coastal area Surabaya, Indonesia. Design: Observational cross-sectional study. Method: Total sample of 100 included mothers and 6-24 month old children fulfilling the inclusion criteria. Multistage random sampling was used. Collected data underwent bivariate and multivariate analyses. Odds ratio (OR) and risk ratio (RR) were two commonly used measures of association reported in research studies. In cross-sectional studies, the odds ratio was also referred to as the prevalence odds ratio (POR) when prevalent cases are included, and, instead of the RR, the prevalence ratio (PR) was calculated. Results: Stunting incidence was associated with anaemia in the second trimester of pregnancy (p=0.002, PR=3.244), history of exclusive breastfeeding (p=0.003, PR=3.938), and history of maternal iron consumption during pregnancy (p=0.006), Conclusions:Prenatal factors such as anaemia and iron consumption during pregnancy were associated with stunting. Exclusive breastfeeding was the only postnatal factor that was associated with stunting. Infants who were given exclusive breast milk had a 3.98 times lower risk of stunting compared to babies who did not get exclusive breast milk.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Stunting, pregnancy history, infant history, coastal area, iron consumption, exclusive breastfeeding
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine
Divisions: 01. Fakultas Kedokteran > Ilmu Kesehatan Masyarakat
Ilya Krisnana, -NIDN0028098106
Ni Made Widiani, -UNSPECIFIED
Sulistiawati, -NIDN0028026503
Depositing User: arys fk
Date Deposited: 11 Mar 2022 09:13
Last Modified: 11 Mar 2022 09:13
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