The effect of long-term ketogenic diet on serum adiponectin and insulin-like growth factor-1 levels in mice

Deandra M. Widiatmaja, - and Alif Lutvyani, - and Desi R. Sari, - and Hamidah Kurniasari, - and Ismi D. Meiliana, - and Minidian Fasitasari, - and Yoshio Yamaoka, - and Purwo Sri Rejeki, - (2021) The effect of long-term ketogenic diet on serum adiponectin and insulin-like growth factor-1 levels in mice. Journal of Basic and Clinical Physiology and Pharmacology In Print, 2021. pp. 1-8. ISSN 07926855E

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Objectives Noncommunicable disease (NCD) including obesity, cancer, and diabetes has become particular concern worldwide due to its morbidity and mortality which keep increasing annually. Adiponectin and insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) are known to be substances that are involved in the development of NCD. Several diet regimens have been developed to treat NCD, one of which is the ketogenic diet (KD). This study aimed to analyze the long-term KD effect on serum adiponectin and IGF-1 levels in mice. Methods This study was a real experimental with post-test only controls group design. The subjects were 14 male mice (2–3 months, 20–30 g) were randomly divided into two groups, K1 (n=7, standard diet) and K2 (n=7, KD with a composition of 60% fat, 30% protein, and 10% fiber). All subjects were given diet intervention for 8 weeks ad libitum. Serum adiponectin and IGF levels were measured in post-intervention using Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay. Distribution of normality was analyzed by the Shapiro–Wilk Test, mean difference using Independent T-Test, and linear correlation using Pearson’s Correlation Test. Data analysis was performed using Statistic Package for Social Science Version 16. Results Serum adiponectin levels in K1 (0.080 ± 0.012) pg/mL and K2 (0.099 ± 0.005) pg/mL, with p=0.003. Serum IGF-1 levels in K1 (133.535 ± 25.702) ng/mL and K2 (109.987 ± 27.118) ng/mL, with p=0.121. Coefficient correlation between serum adiponectin and serum IGF-1 levels [r]=−0.401, with p=0.155. Conclusions Long-term KD increases serum adiponectin levels and has no effect on serum IGF-1 levels. There was no significant correlation between serum adiponectin and serum IGF-1 levels.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: adiponectin, IGF-1, ketogenic diet, long-term, mice, obesity
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine
Divisions: 01. Fakultas Kedokteran > Ilmu Faal
Deandra M. Widiatmaja, -UNSPECIFIED
Alif Lutvyani, -UNSPECIFIED
Hamidah Kurniasari, -UNSPECIFIED
Ismi D. Meiliana, -UNSPECIFIED
Minidian Fasitasari, -UNSPECIFIED
Yoshio Yamaoka, -UNSPECIFIED
Purwo Sri Rejeki, -NIDN0012067503
Depositing User: arys fk
Date Deposited: 27 Jun 2022 06:12
Last Modified: 27 Jun 2022 06:12
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