Gonadotropin release in periovulatory heifers after GnRH analogs measured by two types of immunoassays

F. Schneider and A. Bellmann and F. Becker and S. Bambang Poernomo and C. Rehfeldt and G. Nürnberg and W. Kanitz (2002) Gonadotropin release in periovulatory heifers after GnRH analogs measured by two types of immunoassays. Experimental and Clinical Endocrinology & Diabetes, 110 (5). pp. 235-244.

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This study on heifers (n = 27) compared the effects of a GnRH antagonist (Antarelix) and those of an agonist (Triptorelin) on gonadotropin release during the periovulatory period of the oestrous cycle. In three experiments (EXP I-III), an initial injection of GnRH analogs was given 48 h after a single PGF2α pretreatment during the luteal phase, with a further five at 12 h intervals. A challenge by a GnRH agonist (Gonavet®) was performed six hours after the last application of analogs. In EXP I (n = 9), heifers received six times 1.5 mg of Antarelix, 0.5 mg of Triptorelin, and mannitol (5%; control), respectively. In EXP II (n = 12), identical Antarelix and Triptorelin treatments were followed by a single injection of estradiol-17β valerate (6 h after Gonavet®). The dosage of Antarelix was increased to 5 mg for each injection in EXP III (n = 6). Measurement of LH in blood plasma frequently sampled was performed parallely by a competitive RIA method (EXP I + II) and by a sandwich-type electro-chemiluminescence-immunoassay (ECLIA) in EXP III. This non-isotopic technique was also used to additionally analyse FSH levels. Results of EXP I showed that the GnRH antagonist equally suppressed LH surges and ovulation. On the contrary, prior to suppression of LH levels due to down-regulation of pituitary GnRH receptors the agonist Triptorelin induced an initial increase in LH concentration which was followed by ovulation. In the control animals we observed endogenous LH surges as well as smaller elevations after the agonist (Gonavet®) challenge. An increase was also observed in antagonist, but not in Triptorelin treated heifers. Pituitary GnRH receptors were not detectable in animals previously treated by the analogs, whereas concentrations between 2.2-21.0 fmol/mg protein were measured in controls. Results of EXP II confirmed the described effects of GnRH analogs. Additionally, it was shown that exogenous estradiol is able to release LH from the pituitary, although a previous treatment by a GnRH agonist had dropped the pulsatile gonadotropin secretion. Contrary to the LH pattern and despite elevated amounts of the antagonist, the mean concentration and pulse number of FSH were not influenced by the antagonist treatment (EXP III). These data confirmed that (a) the reversibly blocked pituitary function induced by a potent GnRH antagonist may be a useful tool to study gonadotropin-dependent final follicular growth as well as ovulation in cyclic heifers and (b) the novel non-isotopic ECLIA methods for the determination of FSH and LH provided practical alternatives to other immunoassay types.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Cattle endocrinology - Gonadotropins - GnRH analog - Methods
Subjects: S Agriculture > SF Animal culture > SF191-275 Cattle
S Agriculture > SF Animal culture > SF600-1100 Veterinary medicine
Divisions: 06. Fakultas Kedokteran Hewan
Peer Review
S. Bambang PoernomoUNSPECIFIED
Depositing User: Ika Rudianto
Date Deposited: 18 Jul 2017 19:23
Last Modified: 18 Jul 2017 19:23
URI: http://repository.unair.ac.id/id/eprint/59074
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