Why do firms appoint former military personnel as directors? Evidence of loan interest rate in militarily connected firms in Indonesia

Iman Harymawan (2018) Why do firms appoint former military personnel as directors? Evidence of loan interest rate in militarily connected firms in Indonesia. Asian Review of Accounting, 26 (1). pp. 2-18. ISSN 13217348

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Purpose - Anecdotal evidence shows that a number of military personnel have been appointed as board members by listed firms in Indonesia. Taking advantage of the unique setting of the strong influence of the military in Indonesian politics, the purpose of this paper is to provide direct empirical evidence on the effect of military connections on interest rate for listed firms in Indonesia. Design/methodology/approach - This study uses a sample of 1,818 firm-year observations of firms listed on the Indonesian Stock Exchange (IDX) from 2004 to 2012 and employs Heckman's two-stage regression and Coarsened Exact Matching methods to address endogeneity concerns on the firms' establishment of military connections. Findings - The finding reveals that connected firms significantly enjoy lower interest rates on debt than non-connected ones. These findings are robust to several robustness checks. Research limitations/implications - The results of this study should be treated with caution since the proxy of military connections limited only based on board connections. Hence, this may underestimate the results from this study. This research has implications for Indonesia's regulators who are striving to improve accounting information and transparency of militarily connected firms. Originality/value - The results of this study add to the literature that connected firms enjoy preferential benefits provided by the connections through lower interest charges from banks.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Bank loan, Developing country, Interest rate, Military connections
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HG Finance > HG1-9999 Finance > HG1501-3550 Banking > HG1641-1643 Bank loans. Bank credit. Commercial loans
K Law > K Law (General) > K1-7720 Law in general. Comparative and uniform law. Jurisprudence > K(520)-5582 Comparative law. International uniform law > K4720-4780 National defense. Military law > K4725-4734 The military establishment. Armed forces
Divisions: Artikel Ilmiah > SCOPUS INDEXED JOURNAL
Iman HarymawanNIDN0020048403
Depositing User: PPJPI
Date Deposited: 06 Mar 2020 01:06
Last Modified: 06 Mar 2020 01:06
URI: http://repository.unair.ac.id/id/eprint/94556
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