The Decreased Bone Density due to high Intensity Exercise through The Changes in Levels of Osteoprotogerin, Osteocalcin and C-telopeptide

Gadis Meinar Sari (2013) The Decreased Bone Density due to high Intensity Exercise through The Changes in Levels of Osteoprotogerin, Osteocalcin and C-telopeptide. In: The 6th Asia-Pacific Conference on Exercise and Sports Science, 2-4 November 2013, Chinese Culture University.

[img] Text (Artikel)
The Decreased Bone Density due to High.pdf

Download (1MB)
[img] Text (Peer Review)
The Decreased Bone density due to high intensity.pdf

Download (2MB)
Official URL:


Background/Purpose: Exercise provides benefits to the body, include to the musculoskeletal function. The dose of exercise that exceeds the body's adaptability will cause the elevation of the body's cortisol through the Hypothalamus Piyuitary Adrenal (HPA) Axis. High level of glucocorticoids can disrupt the balance of the body functions resulting in pathologics, one of them is the bones. Previous study revealed that administration of glucocorticoids enhance the osteoclastogenesis by inhibiting osteoprotegerin, so that the resorption process increase, causes the decrease of bone density. Throughout our lives, the bones will experience the remodelling process, which is the formation process by osteoblasts and resorption by osteoclasts. In the process of formation, osteoblasts produce osteocalcin, whereas at the resorption, osteoclasts release Cross-linked Telopeptide (C-telopeptide). Based on the description above, research that describes the mechanism of decreased bone density due to high intensity exercise through the changes in levels of osteoprotegerin, osteocalcin and C-telopeptide, was conducted. Methods: The experimental animals used were 20 fenales rats (Rattus norvegicus strain Wistar), which is divided inti two groups, the control and the treatment group. The treatment group was given high intensity swimming exercise, with a load of 18% body of weight within 90% of the maximum time, performed two times per set with a frequency of 3 times per week, for 8 weeks. At the end of the experiment, the experimental animals were anesthetized and the blood was drowned to examine the levels of osteoprotegerin, osteocalcin and c-telopeptide. Data were analyzed using t-2 free sample test (independent t-test) to determine differences between control and treatment groups and path analysis. Results: T-test result in this study showed a significant difference in the osteoprotegerin, osteocalcin and c-telopeptide (p<0,05). Path analysis results showed a correlation between increased high intensity exercise with decreased level of osteoprotegerin with the standardized direct effect -0.66; elevated levels of C-telopeptide with a value of -0.6733 standardized direct effect, and decreased level of osteocalcin with the standardized indirect effect -0.40. Conclusion: The results of this study indicate the cahnges in levels ofosteoprotegerin, osteocalcin and C-telopeptide in bone density decreased due to high intensity exercise, in female rats (Rattus novergicus).

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Poster)
Uncontrolled Keywords: High intensity exercise, osteoprotegerin, osteocalcin, c-telopeptide
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
R Medicine > RZ Other systems of medicine
Divisions: 01. Fakultas Kedokteran > Ilmu Faal
Gadis Meinar SariNIDN0004056612
Depositing User: arys fk
Date Deposited: 13 Mar 2020 04:38
Last Modified: 13 Mar 2020 04:38
Sosial Share:

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item