Low CD4 Level Increased the Risk of Cognitive Impairment in the HIV Patient

Nurul Azizah and Abdulloh Machin and Muhammad Hamdan (2018) Low CD4 Level Increased the Risk of Cognitive Impairment in the HIV Patient. Indian Journal of Public Health Research & Development, 11 (1). pp. 1403-1407. ISSN 0976-0245

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Background: HIV infection leads to neurological damage that results in cognitive and behavioural impairment called HIV-associated neurocognitive disorder (HAND). There are several factors associated with HAND which include the CD4 count. Patients who present with the CD4 level lower than 200 cells/ mm3 are considered very vulnerable of experiencing neurological complications such as HAND. Objective: To investigate the association between CD4 level and cognitive impairment evaluated using MoCA-INA among HIV patients. Materials and Method: This cross-sectional study involves 72 consecutive patients with HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus) infection from the Infecion Ward of Soetomo General Hospital Indonesia. All participating patients was measured its cognitive impairment through MoCA-INA score. Blood samples were collected for CD4 evaluation. Statistics were evaluated with SPSS 25.0. Results: The research participant consisted of 43 (59.7%) male and 29 (40.3%) female with mean age of 38.22 ± 9.159, CD4 level of 447.4 ± 247.48 and MoCA-INA score of 26.36 ± 2.770. Chi-Square analysis showed a significant difference (p-value of 0.023) in the cognitive function in the HIV patient with low CD4 (CD4<200cell/mm3) compared tonormal CD4 (CD4≥200 cell/mm3) with Odd Ratio of 4.900 (95% CI,1.278–18.793). Conclusions: Low CD4 level increase the risk of cognitive impairment assessed using MoCA-INA scoring system. These suggested that HIV patient with low CD4 should have initial screening of cognitive impairment.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Cognitive, Immunodeficiency, Mental Health, MoCA‑INA
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine
Divisions: 01. Fakultas Kedokteran > Ilmu Penyakit Saraf
Abdulloh MachinNIDN8817700016
Muhammad HamdanNIDN8830820016
Depositing User: arys fk
Date Deposited: 25 Aug 2020 04:35
Last Modified: 25 Aug 2020 04:35
URI: http://repository.unair.ac.id/id/eprint/97508
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